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CHRONOGRAPH A RETOUR GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES

    GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY   CHRONOGRAPH A RETOUR GEISMAR With Breitling 639 Base This Bomber stopwatch mechanism was considered specialized equipment utilized by many European Airforce in the 1920’s and ’30s. Producers included **Breitling, Minerva, Leonidas, Universal, Zenith, and **Geismar The French[…]

EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA INVESTED BY ALPINA

      GSW goldsmithworks.com contact rock through facebook! Date/Report Number …..120811.LWW Item:  EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA               PURCHASED BY THE ALPINA COMPANY PLEASE USE THE URL BELOW TO VIEW THE IMAGES http://lsyf.com/download/military-id/GERMAN-EIGENTUM-DER-FLIEGERTRUPPEN.pdf ALPINA ca. 1915: 182597 WITH MILITARY BLACK DIAL SIGNED EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA WITH 60 MINUTE OUTER TRACK[…]

ROCKS EMBEDDED GALLERIA

From Watches To Jewelry To Wood Works To Shop Work By The Rock & Crew!

11TH-AIR-BORNE-WWII-VIETNAM

  THE ANGELS 11TH AIRBORNE DIVISION WWII 11TH PACIFIC THEATER VIETNAM MID-EAST   GO AND VIEW 300 PHOTOS OF THE 11TH IN WWII             THE BEST  MILITARY-WATCH-BOX™ ASSEMBLED       REPRESENTING THE VERY AIRBORNE TROOPERS WHOSE ACTIONS PAVED THE ROAD FOR MANY BANDS OF BROTHERS TO EXIST ******************************************************  […]

AWESOME-WWII-RESTORATIONS

***********************   WE POSTED ANOTHER DOZEN OR SO OF DAVID’S INCREDIBLE COLLECTION   NEW JAN 18TH 2013 THESE WERE SHIPPED END OF DECEMBER ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH TIME PIECE OF THIS INCREDIBLE COLLECTION IS EVALUATED AND RESTORED NOTE PLATING WITH[…]

APPRAISING

HECK! ENOUGH OF THAT BASIC STUFF I , ROCK, JUST SET UP A HEAP OF GENUINE APPRAISALS! BASIC FACTS ABOUT JEWELRY APPRAISAL & INSURANCE REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL APPRAISAL TO SELL YOUR JEWELRY JEWELRY INSURANCE & CARE INSURANCE COMPANIES REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL A REPLACEMENT APPRAISAL IS WRITTEN TO COVER THE EXACT AMOUNT THAT YOU PAID FOR[…]

50 best restorations

50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 of rocks best restorations back when 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations Save Save Save Save

40 AWESOME RESTORES

40 AWESOME RESTORES HERE IS A LINK TO AN AWESOME WATCH SERIES THAT YO’ALL HAVE BEEN BUGGING ME TO PROVIDE OVER THE YEARS. I OFFER THESE IN WHAT EVER MODEL I CAN RESTORE; WHEN EVER I CAN GET MY HANDS ON ONE; WHEN EVER; AS I STATED; I CAN SNATCH ONE UP!! THEY DO NOT[…]

ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END

ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END CONCORD    POLJOT CHRONO PILOTG   MEPA  ELMIRA JERMICO           ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END HELBROS OMEGA  MIDO CORUM ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END     LE COULTRE   COUREVO ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END COURVEO JULES JERGENSON   JACKY ICKX     ARNEX    SEIKO   ROLEX CHRONO[…]

WATCHES OPERATING VIDEO

  GOLDSMITHWO SUWANEE, GA, USA, 30024 Watch For Sale Need Help ID Value? 35000 WATCH  IMAGES 25000 PAGES ONLINE 24/7 GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS.COM GOLDSMITHWORKS.COM     MILITARYWATCHBOX.COM LSYF.COM TIMEFRAUD.COM          GOLDSMITHTRAINING.COM  1947 – 1949 WHAT MAKES A FINE WATCH FINE [this video tajke you into the most fabulous era of watch making when a time piece ruled and[…]

goldsmithworks and rock restoring seiko dive watch

WHOM DO YOU WANT TO RESTORE YOUR SEIKO WATCHES 1890 T0 1990 ,, Seiko is one of a few rare companies that made everything for their watches. From Cases, Dials, Movements and Tools, TO Oils, Grease, Repair Equipment, Straps, Bands, Bracelets, Crowns, everything was designed, created manufactured in house. SOME PARTS WERE PROBABLY IMPORTED SEIKO[…]

1940 WWII KOREA VIETNAM WYLER FLOATING BEZEL AIRMAN WATCH

  GOLDSMITHWORKS IN BIZ FOR 30 YEARS ONLINE SINCE 1992 WATCH SALES  REPAIRS RESTORATIONS APPRAISALS TAKE A LOOK AT OUR ONLINE PICTURES 45000 PICTURES IN 452 ALBUMS GOOGLE PICTURE SITE ***************************************** WYLER WYLER-101SR-29MM WWII 11TH AIRBORNE DEPLETED RADIUM DIAL MILITARY INCAFLEX JUMP WATCH 29.3 MM W/O CROWN WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH ALL PICTURES[…]

WWII 1941 MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT BUMPER

      *************************************************** RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED 1941 WWII MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT SUPERAUTOMATIC WITH 17J MIDO 817 BUMPER AND ALL STAINLESS STEEL CASE WITH STAINLESS STEEL WWII SPRING BAND WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED[…]

WWII HELIOS 24HR SWEEPS

  WWII HELIOS 24HR SWEEPS RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR WWII HELIOS 24HR SWEEPS RESTORED & OVERHAULED WWII ERA WITH HACKED SWEEP SECONDS REAPPEARED DURING VIETNAM ERA HELIOS MILITARY DIALED 17J WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY WITH 19.00 US[…]

1968 PX BX RR VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH

  GSW  PICASA WATCH GALLERY GSWW WATCHES *************************************************** READY TO WEAR VINTAGE RESTORED & OVERHAULED EXCELLENT  CONDITION 1968 PX/BX-R&R VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH WITH BALLISTIC NYLON OLIVE DRAB G-18 MILITARY STRAP WITH KEEPERS FITS 6 TO 9 *******************************************  YOU ALSO RECEIVE FREE A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY FREE APPRAISAL WITH INFO TO[…]

german wwii military watches

  GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf THE QUESTIONS THAT FACE BOTH BUYER AND SELLER OF VINTAGE WWII GERMAN MILITARY WATCHES IS THEIR AUTHENTICATION. I MUST SAY, IF YOU INVEST IN A WATCH THAT IS BLACK DIALED, HAS OLD DEAD RADIUM ILLUMINATED NUMBERS AND HANDS, A SUB SECONDS REGISTER ABOVE THE 6 POSITION, HAS A STEEL OR CHROME CASE WITH[…]

HISTORIC WEEMS LONGINES BEST

[auction-nudge tool=”listings”] GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO WE- HAVE POSTED OVER 150,000 PERMANENT  IMAGES PLUS HISTORIES OF ALL OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE   WE MAINTAIN 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING OUR PATRONS WITH FREE DETAILED   INFORMATION, HISTORY/CLEAR PICS ON WATCHES RESTORED THE LAST[…]

DOES THE CASE HAVE TO BE CUSHION NO THE PERSHING

BEFORE A FORUM DODO BIRD SWEEPS IN TO “HELP” BY INFORMING US  IT AIN’T SO…. ALLOW ME TO INFORM YOU OF THE HISTORY OF THE 48 STAR AMERICAN SHEILD W/EAGLE AND PORCELAINE DIAL.   AN ELGIN POCKET WATCH -WITH PERSHING DIAL-   AFTER RESTORING OVER 200 PERSHING DIALED WATCHES, WE CONCLUDED THAT, THOUGH ELGIN PRODUCED[…]

WWII NAZI LUFTWAFFE HACKING SWEEP SECONDS ALPINA

THE RAREST WWII GERMAN WATCH A SMALL RUN OF THESE POCKET WATCHES WERE MADE IN GERMANY BY ALPINA   HONORING   HITLER.–\FEW SURVIVED  FEWER STILL ACTUALLR RUN DUE TO PARTS THIS ALPINA WAS/IS NOT SIMPLY A FASHION OR HONOR WATCH THE FACT THIS ALPINA HAS A MILITARY  HACKED SWEEP SECONDS HAND AND THIS RARE MILITARY GRADE[…]

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH MILITARY ILLUMINATED 24HR VERSION WITH CRYSTAL GUARD RED 12, RED 24HR CHAPTER ORIGINAL HANDS INCLUDING FITTING  TAILED SUB SECONDS HAND OUTLINED  ILLUMINATED RAILROAD NUMERALS LIKE KITCHENER MILITARY STRAPS ONE TONGUE IS LONGER THE ONE THAT IS TO RIGHT/ABOVE WHEN WEARING ON LEFT ARM, THIS ALLOWED THE SOLDIER TO PLACE OVER CUFF, JACKET[…]

VIETNAM ERA RED CROSS HELIOS CUFF STLE

FACT. GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO, WE HAVE OFFERED OUR VINTAGE TIME EXCLUSIVELY ONLINE WITH EB WE HAVE ALSO POSTED OVER 150,000 IMAGES OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE FREE WARRANTY AND APPRAISAL VERIFYING THE AUTHENTICITY OF OUR TIME PIECES 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING[…]

CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE

   CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE     CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE THIS PIECE IS READY TO WEAR EVERY DAY TIME PIECE NOTE. CASABLANCA THE MOVIE I RECENTLY WATCHED THE MOVIE AND HIJACKED SOME FRAMES. WOW, PLUM FULL OF FREE FRENCH MATERIAL. IMPORTANT THEME THROUGH OUT THE FILM. IN FACT THE FILM[…]

German_WWII

GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf           GERMAN WWII ARMY SWEEP SECONDS INTELLIGENCE WATCH **************************************** BELOW IS PHOTO OF GENUINE DI-H ABOVE WAS POSTED ONLINE AS IS *************************************** I HAVE HAD ONLY TWO OF THESE IN 20 YEARS THE GERMAN MILITARY PROPERTY MARK”DI SERIAL H” WAS UTILIZED FOR THE ARMY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE MORE GERMAN WWII WATCH[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_1

  THE TRUE HISTORY OF MILITARY WATCHES!  I HAVE LONG TAUGHT THAT WATCH COMPANIES NEVER EVER GAVE UP MAKING AND MARKETING MILITARY WATCHES DIRECTLY TO SOLDIERS. FROM THE TROOPERS & OFFICERS IN THE CIVIL WAR  TO THE MARINES ON THE SHORES OF TRIPOLI TO THE MEN WHO FOUGHT THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR FROM THE PHILIPPINES[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_2

  MILITARY WATCHES PART TWO INCLUDES A GREAT DETAILED LISTING!   ALL TIME PIECES RESTORED BY GOLDSMITHWORKS all watches restored by GOLDSMITHWORKS  GOLDSMITHWORKS USED TO INVEST IN 60 TO 70% OF OUR BASE TIME PIECES FOR RESTORATIONS EXCLUSIVELY ON EBAY ASSISTING OTHER VINTAGE WATCH DEALERS ON EBAY KEEPING IT IN THE FAMILY THEN OFFER THEM[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_4

      FACTS CONCERNING MILITARY VS PRIVATE WWI THROUGH VIETNAM http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_1/ ACTUAL DIRECT WWII WATCHES RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_2/ WWI/WWII JAPAN/GERMAN/SWISS WATCHES  BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_3/ ACTUAL WWII/VIETNAM/SWISS/US/RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_4/   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED DIRECT TO PUBLIC/SOLDIER MILITARY WATCHES NOT ALL OF THESE ARE MILITARY, BUT THE MAJORITY ARE[…]

OnePatronFiftyWWII-Restorations

      OCT 30TH 2014   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED MILITARY WATCHES PDF! ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH TIME PIECE OF THIS INCREDIBLE EDUCATION PDF STORED POCKET TRENCH CONVERSIONS VIETNAM US GOV ISSUE WATCHES GERMAN SUBMARINE[…]

WWII MILITARY WATCH RESTORATION COLLECTION

Vintage Time Re Vintage Time Re-Made In America ™ THIS GSW  TRADE MARK IS NOW A NEW INFORMATION AND WATCH SERVICES WEBSITE. CLICK ABOVE FOR TRANSPORTATION. BE SURE YOU BOOK MARK THE SITE GOLDSMITHWORKS GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS MILITARYWATCHBOX State Licensed Precious Metal, Gemstone & 2nd Hand Dealer Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™ Vintage Time[…]

Celebrating-82-Airborne-WWI-Vietnam

        ROCK’S CUFF WATCH SYSTEMS DESIGN #902.7 A WIDER SPRING BAR HOLD DOWN STRAP WAS INSTALLED PRIOR TO THE PICTURES BEING TAKEN NOTE PICS AT BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE TIME PIECE HMT MANUEL WIND WATCH BROADARROW W/HEAVY LUME RE-ILLUMINATION HAD TO COVER ORIGINAL LUME OR FULL REMOVAL TO BRASS RESTORATION OF THE[…]

1936 JAPAN MILITARY SEIKOSHA TAVERNS

JAPANESE IMPERIAL WWII WATCHES   HATTORI SEIKOSHA NAVAL POCKET/DECK WATCH 1936 JAPAN MILITARY SEIKOSHA TAVERNS *************************************************** GSW JEWELRY   *************************************************** READY TO WEAR ORIGINAL CONDITION 1936-1943 IMPERIAL JAPAN SEIKOSHA IMPERIAL MILITARY NAVAL DECK WATCH 44 MM ACROSS 66 MM BOTTOM TO TOP BALE *******************************************  YOU ALSO RECEIVE FREE A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY FREE APPRAISAL[…]

HATTORI SEIKOSHA SEIKO HISTORY PICS

  74 **************************************************** AT BOTTOM IS A LINK TO THE FULL SEIKO CREATED PDF NOTE SOME ITEMS ARE OFF, NOT LISTED OR AGE IS OFF. SUCH AS THE 1950 TANK STYLE IT WAS MADE 1920’S TO 1945 FOR ACTUAL GREAT PICS BY GSW PLACE THIS IN GOOGLE   CLICK HERE or CLICK HERE   ABOVE[…]

BUMPER-ROTOR-MICRO-ROTOR-AUTOMATIC-WATCHES

BUMPER-ROTOR-MICRO-ROTOR-AUTOMATIC-WATCHES   MilitaryWatchBox.COM  GoldSmithWorks.COM    GoldSmithWatchWorks.COM ************************************************************* An automatic or self-winding watch is a mechanical watch that winds the mainspring with a pendulam/rotor/weight through the natural wrist motion of the wearer’s arm. There are three designes that evolved, the 180 BUMPER, the 360 ROTOR, and the MICRO-ROTOR. All self winding watches have a PENDULUM –[…]

JIM HILL WAKMANN SPLIT SEC

 JIM HILL WAKMANN SPLIT SEC  READY TO WEAR FULLY OVERHAULED & SERVICED EXCELLENT CONDITION JIM HILL WAKMANN 17 JEWEL HORSEMEN’S LEMANIA RATTRAPANTE CHRONOGRAPH LWO 1900 19N20 WITH ENAMELED JOCKEY RIDING RACE HORSE WITH WATCH BOX AWESOME HAMMERED AND CHASED BRASS AND COPPER COVERED GLASS DISPLAY STORAGE BOX THE WAKMANN LEMANIA RATTRAPANTE THIS SPECIAL WAKMANN LEMANIA[…]

VIETNAM 1965 THE AIRMAN

<207-2013 WE HAD ONLY 3 NEGATIVE & 2 NEUTRAL FEED BACKS IN 10 YEARS WITH 2500 TRANSACTIONS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! AND NO NEGATIVE/NEUTRAL FOR THE 8000 PRIVATE TRANSACTIONS < CHECK THE FEED BACK!!!! TELL ME WHAT STORE EVER HAD THAT TYPE OF RECORD SELLING USED WATCHES OR USED CARS OR ANYTHING USED, OLD AND MECHANICAL–REGARDLESS OF IT’S RESTORATIONS[…]

BABE RUTH

RARE 1947 [ONE YEAR BEFORE BABE RUTH PASSED AWAY] LIMITED PRODUCTION BABE RUTH WRIST WATCH HIGHLY DETAILED HAND PAINTED *RADIUM DIAL *RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-LUMINOVA HIGH-PERFORMANCE PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT CASED IN AN EXCELLENT CONDITION RARE NUMBERED PROFESSIONALLY RE-PLATED CHROME OVER BASE REVERSE SPRING BAR TOP LINE CASE W/SCREW DOWN SS CASE BACK WITH MINT CONDITION GENERAL WATCH[…]

LANCET TRENCH AND OTHERS

*************************************************** READY TO WEAR SERVICED RESTORED OVERHAULED 1914/15 LONDON IMPORT MILITARY TRENCH WATCH .925 SILVER HALLMARK LONDON – IMPORT – DATE COMPOSITION WITH THREE FINGER BRIDGE 15 JEWEL MANUAL WIND MOVEMENT CASE IS 34.4 MM ACROSS W/OUT CROWN 47.9 MM LUG TO LUG   ****************************************** GSW/MWB HAS RESTORED 85 TRENCH WATCHES IN THE LAST THREE[…]

CUERVO Y SOBRINOS CUBA

CUERVO Y SOBRINOS Save

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JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN

  JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA JULY 24 2003 WWII-IMPERIAL-JAPAN-SEIKOSHA-SEIKO-LUME-DIAL-MILITARY-WATCH JULY 24 2003[…]

history japanese wwii military watches

  A HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY WATCH history japanese wwii military watches Imperial Japan 1930 – 1945 watches restored by GOLDSMITHWORKS Imperial Army Imperial Seal Seal & Flag Imperial Flag While Japan provided SEIKOSHA made, SWISS made & Hybrid [Japan Case/Dial, w/Swiss and Japanese Movement] watches, timers, ships watches and chronographs in limited numbers[…]

1937 JAPANESE IMPERIAL ARMY MWB

1937 JAPANESE IMPERIAL ARMY MWB THOUGH GSW/MWB OPERATES AN AWESOME  BRICK AND MORTAR STUDIO & GALLERY & 5 WEBSITES ON A DEDICATED SERVER WITH OVER 30,000 PICTURES OF RESTORATIONS, AND HAVE OFFERED OUR SERVICES SINCE 1989 [JOINED THE INTERNET 1992], EBAY HAS BECOME OUR EXCLUSIVE MARKETING ENTITY FOR OUR OPERATION. WE NOT ONLY SELL EXCLUSIVELY[…]

WWII JAPANESE SEIKOSHA CHRONOGRAPH

WWII JAPANESE SEIKOSHA CHRONOGRAPH     *************************************************** KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA ABOVE RED MEANS THEY ARE GONE ABOVE ARE SOME OF THE WATCHES FROM A VERY IMPORTANT ESTATE[…]

MOST VALUABLE SEIKO 6105 DIVE WATCH

THE MOST VALUABLE SEIKO 6105 DIVE WATCH IS THE 6105_*B-8000 WITH “PROOF” ON DIAL AND 6105B DAINISEIKOSHA CO LTD SEVENTEEN 17 JEWELS UNADJUSTED JAPAN ON ROTOR ASSEMBLY * DENOTES THE MODEL WITH HACKING ABILITY index.html NOTE THE “PROOF” JAPAN 6105 -8000 T ON DIAL 6105B DAINISEIKOSHA CO LTD SEVENTEEN 17 JEWELS UNADJUSTED JAPAN ROTOR WEIGHT[…]

4 SALE KANJI DIALED WWII JAPAN MIL TIMER

        >BELOW ARE THREE OF A DOZEN OR SO WATCHES FROM A VERY IMPORTANT WWII ESTATE COLLECTION THAT ROCK HAS BEEN FULLY RESTORING OR FULLY OVERHAULING. THESE WATCHES WILL BE OFFERED AS THEY ARE COMPLETED. *********************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED ALL FEATURES WORKING VINTAGE WWII 1936-1945 KANJI DIAL SIGNED 3[…]

ORANGE TWIST ESPERANTO MULTI FUNCTION DIVER

      WELCOME TO GOLDSMITHWORKS EBAY STOREFRONT. GOLDSMITHWORKS AND MILITARY WATCH BOX, WITH A BEAUTIFUL STUDIO AND GALLERY LOCATED IN SUWANEE GA ARE STATE LICENSED PRECIOUS METAL DEALERS, JEWELERS, GOLDSMITH AND WATCHMAKERS, AND ARE IN$URED THROUGH JEWELERS MUTUAL. WE ARE A MEMBER OF JEWELERS OF AMERICA, THE SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICAN GOLDSMITHS,POLYGON, THE DIAMOND[…]

THE 82ND AIRBORNE CELEBRATED BIRTH IN WWI FRANCE

ROCK’S CUFF WATCH SYSTEMS DESIGN #902.7 300.00 WITH WARRANTY http://goldsmithtraining.com/WWI-FRANCE/    **************************************** *************************************************** THIS PRE-INTRO ESSAY CONCERNS THE INDIAN JAWAN PARA SHOCK MILITARY WATCHES WITH BROAD ARROW Jawan is a word in Hindi for SOLDIER. Jawan was registered as a trade mark by the ENGLISH ” West End Watch Co” founded by MM. Amstutz and[…]

MILITARY SPEC DTU-2A-P-MIL-W-3818B

TIMEFRAUD.COM IS IT COUNTERFEIT OR NOT HELP STOP INTERNET WATCH FRAUD TIMEFRAUD.COM                         USA MILITARY WATCH SPECIFICATIONS http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-W-46374F-1.pdf http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A-B.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1991-MIL-W-46374F.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-W-46374F-1.pdf http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-PRF-46374G.html http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A-B.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/1962-MIL-W-3818A.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/1991-MIL-W-46374F.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/military_timepiece_markings.htm PROOF US GOV DESIGNED THE MOISTURE CIRCLE ALSO MANY OTHER FEATURES INCLUDING MIL SPEC ONE [1] FOR[…]

1950 1990 HATTORI SEIKOSHA SEIKO DIVERS

WHOM DO YOU WANT TO RESTORE YOUR SEIKO WATCHES 1899 T0 1990 ,, Seiko is one of a few rare companies that made everything for their watches. From Cases, Dials, Movements and Tools, TO Oils, Grease, Repair Equipment, Straps, Bands, Bracelets, Crowns, everything was designed, created manufactured in house. SOME PARTS WERE PROBABLY IMPORTED SEIKO[…]

WWI 1914-1918 H Williamson ltd

  Welcome to GoldSmithWorks Fine Jewelry and Watch Ebay Store. GoldSmithWorks offers custom designed, one of a kind, life time creations and unique jewelry watches gemstones diamonds and repairs. GoldSmithWorks -turning your old jewelry into something new. Shipping Sales Repairs 800.438.6894 Ask For Rock       1st World War British Military Watch, General Services[…]

WWII MILITARY

WWII MILWWII MILITARY ITARY Vintage Time Re-Made In America ™ THIS GSW  TRADE MARK IS NOW A NEW INFORMATION AND WATCH SERVICES WEBSITE. CLICK ABOVE FOR TRANSPORTATION. BE SURE YOU BOOK MARK THE SITE GOLDSMITHWORKS GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS MILITARYWATCHBOX State Licensed Precious Metal, Gemstone & 2nd Hand Dealer Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™ Vintage[…]

VINTAGE MODERN BRANDS

VINTAGE MODERN BRANDS 32 Degrees Restoration 3H Italia Restoration 5.11 Tactical Restoration A. Lange & Söhne Restoration a.b.art Restoration Accurate Restoration Accurist Restoration Accutime Restoration Accutron Restoration Ace Acro Restoration Adee Kaye Restoration Adidas Restoration Admes Restoration Adriatica Restoration Adrienne Vittadini Restoration Aeromatic 1912 Restoration Aeronautec Restoration Aerowatch Restoration Affluence Restoration Agassiz Restoration Airain Restoration[…]

480 PAGE VINTAGE WATCH MAKERS DICTIONARY

800.438.6894 1175 Buford Hgy Suite 120 Suwanee, Ga 30024 Open Page 9 Page 10 Page 11 Page 12 Page 13 Page 14 Page 15 Page 16 Page 17 Page 18 Page 19 Page 20 Page 21 Page 22 Page 23 Page 24 Page 25 Page 26 Page 27 Page 28 Page 29 Page 30 Page[…]

AIRMAN SPECIAL

GLYCINE AIRMAN Founded by Eugène Meylan in 1914, Glycine produced watches at a factory in Bienne, Switzerland. Glycine began producing specialty ladies watches with precise, small movements in cases of gold and platinum dressed with diamonds and precious stones. In 1931 Glycine created an automatic movement based on the Hardwood 180 degree “Bumper” which had[…]

BAND OF BROTHER A-11 24HR MODE

  BAND OF BROTHER A-11 24HR MODE THERE WAS NO SPECIFICALLY A-11 24HR MODE BULOVA OR ANY OTHER SIMILAR 24HR WATCH   MADE FOR THE US ARMED FORCES EVER LET ALONE WWII NOR WAS IT Featured in Band of Brothers THIS POST IS FROM http://timefraud.com AND HAS PROTECTION FROM ANY COPYRIGHT THAT MAY BE ATTRIBUTED TO[…]

WWII-1944-JAPANESE-IMPERIAL-24HR-STEEL-POCKET-WATCH

     WWII-1944-JAPANESE-IMPERIAL-24HR-STEEL-POCKET-WATCH.htm 1175 Buford Highway. Suite 120 Suwanee, Georgia. 30024 www.goldsmithworks.com 770.831.1257 – 1.800.438.6894 Date/Report Number …..0103.FN21HY.04 Item:  1940 SEIKOSHA SEIKO IMPERIAL CONVERSION MILITARY WRIST WATCH WITH JAPANESE IMPERIAL MILITARY WRIST COMPASS Description of item: VINTAGE RARE 1930 – 1940 SEIKOSHA SEIKO IMPERIAL CONVERSION MILITARY WRIST WATCH WITH JAPANESE IMPERIAL MILITARY WRIST COMPASS IN KANJI[…]

DIALS

  TO RESTORE OR NOT RESTORE VINTAGE WATCH DIALS I like to say I am not a watchmaker .. rather a hacking master restoration expert restoring history. With over 35000 pictures, 1.2 mil Google requests every 15 days,+near 10,000 articles online. i am obsessive LOL. Thus I call upon only the best of the best.[…]

INVICTA RALLIES THE LEGIONS

  INVICTA RALLIES THE LEGIONS   A History Of Time: The Invincible Invicta copyright 2008 gsw/rock   I often labor for hours of time fixing time … many times I must take time just to fix time. Sometimes I must stop time. Or speed it up –and even slow it down. But most of all,[…]

THE INVICTA OF ROME

          A History Of Time: The Invincible Invicta copyright 2008 gsw/rock   I often labor for hours of time fixing time … many times I must take time just to fix time. Sometimes I must stop time. Or speed it up –and even slow it down. But most of all, I[…]

SUPERMAN GETS A MILITARYWATCHBOX

      SUPERMAN WATCH   READY TO WEAR VINTAGE 1968 EXCELLENT CONDITION DC SUPERMAN WATCH WITH NEW DOUBLE CONTRAST STITCHED AND PADDED VINTAGE STYLE BLACK LEATHER CHRONO STRAP IN A GOLD SMITH WATCH WORKS CUSTOM SUPERMAN CROSS HISTORICAL SHADOW BOX 14 7/8 x 11 7/8 EXTERIOR 13 3/4 x 10 3/4 INTERIOR WITH 1977[…]

SILVER JEWELRY

modern contemporary vintage & collectible silver jewelry Silver Works MODERN CONTEMPORARY VINTAGE & COLLECTIBLE SILVER Silver Works BY ROCK SCARFONE AND GOLDSMITHWORKS modern contemporary vintage & collectible silver jewelry Silver Works SILVER JEWELRY SILVER JEWELRY MODERN CONTEMPORARY VINTAGE & COLLECTIBLE SILVER SILVER JEWELRY Silver Works SILVER JEWELRY   Save

SEALS N NAM

New Page 6   HAS BEEN IN THE TRADES SINCE 1989 HAS TRADED VINTAGE WATCHES ONLINE SINCE 1992 GSW WATCH WORKS GOOGLE 454 ALBUM 45000 PICTURES EBAY PATRONS RECEIVE FREE WARRANTY SUPPORT ID HELP SYS U.S. NAVY DIVE WATCHES COLLECTIBLE DIVE WATCHES WHAT TO LOOK FOR HOW THEY LOOK NOTE: THE ONLY DIVE WATCH US[…]

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VINTAGE 1966 NON-DATE VIETNAM MILITARY PX VERSION ZODIAC Sea Wolf AUTOMATIC 17 JEWEL

Published on: November 20, 2013
Categories: VIETNAM, ZODIAC

 

 

IMG_5092.JPG (121964 bytes)

 

VINTAGE
1966
NON-DATE
VIETNAM MILITARY
PX VERSION
ZODIAC
Sea Wolf
AUTOMATIC
17 JEWEL

34x42mm

**************************************

ZODIAC-NO-DATE.jpg (570140 bytes)

 

THE MODERN SEA WOLF AUTOMATIC WAS INTRODUCED IN 1964 AT THE WORLDS FAIR
OF ITS DESIGN, RELIABILITY, RUGGEDNESS, DEPENDABILITY AND PRICE OF 100.00.

 

wpeB2.jpg (70151 bytes)
South Vietnamese troops in action near Tan Son Nhut Air Base

 

FROM THE WORLDS FAIR TOUS GOVERNMENT MILITARY PX/BX INSTALLATIONS,  THE MARKETING COMMOTION WAS A SUCCESS AND IT SOON CONVINCED MANY US SOLDIERS, INCLUDING ARMY ***GREEN BERET, PILOTS, NAVY SEALS AND MEMBERS OF UNDERWATER DEMOLITION TEAMS, THAT THE SEA WOLF WAS NOT A PAMPERED TIME PIECE.

 

wpeAE.jpg (44453 bytes)
VIET-CONG W/ NEW AK47 & US FIELD RADIOS
PIC FREE SOURCE WIKIPEDIA

 

THOUGH THE UNITED STATES ACTIVELY ASSISTED THE FRENCH FROM 1945 TO 1955, AND HAD ADVISORS AND AIR FORCE PERSONAL ACTIVELY INVOLVED,  THE US VIETNAM CONFLICT DATES FROM 1959 TO APRIL 30, 1975.  DURING THE KENNEDY PRESIDENCY, THE GREEN BERET ORGANIZATION WAS FORMED AND ADVISERS WERE SENT TO ASSIST THE SOUTH VIETNAMESE. THESE “ADVISERS” ACTUALLY FOUGHT ALONG SIDE SOUTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIERS.

 

IT WAS THE GREEN BERET “ADVISORS”, COVERT OPERATIVES AND SUPPORT TROOPS OF THE MID 1960’S WHO WOULD PROVE THE RUGGED REPUTATION OF THE ZODIAC SEA WOLF IN THE JUNGLES AND WATERWAYS OF VIETNAM AND MAKE THE SEA WOLF POPULAR AMONG THE HUNDREDS OF THOUSANDS OF TROOPS WHO BEGAN ARRIVING IN 1965 AFTER THE  NORTH VIETNAMESE ALLEGEDLY FIRED UPON TWO US SHIPS IN THE GULF OF TONKIN. IN RESPONSE TO THE GULF OF TONKIN INCIDENT OF AUGUST 2 & 4 1964, PRESIDENT JOHNSON ESCALATED THE VIETNAM SUPPORT MISSION TO A CONFLICT BY SENDING U.S. GROUND TROOPS TO VIETNAM–THOUGH IT TOOK 6 MONTHS FOR RESOLUTIONS TO PASS AND THE U.S. MILITARY TO RESPOND.

 

ON MARCH 8, 1965, THE FIRST US TROOPS ARRIVED IN VIETNAM. IN THE FORM OF 3500 U.S. MARINES LANDED NEAR DA NANG

 

THIS 1966 ZODIAC SEA WOLF NON-DATE VERSION WAS AVAILABLE AT MILITARY BX/PX AND ON R&R IN 7 COUNTRIES. IN FACT, MUCH OF THE RUGGED REPUTATION OF THE SEA WOLF BY ZODIAC WAS AWARDED BY ITS POPULARITY AMONG US TROOPS IN THE VIETNAM WAR.    ITS RUGGEDNESS, DEPENDABILITY AND PRICE MADE IS A TOP CHOICE. THE SEA WOLD WAS NOT A PAMPERED TIME PIECE.. ON THE CONTRARY.. IT IS THE FACT OF ITS DESIGN AND RELIABILITY THAT WON THE SEA WOLF POPULARITY.

 

 

 

1967-V1.jpg (43044 bytes)

 

NOTE THAT IT STATES: ” WHITE OR BLACK RADIUM DIAL, SWEEP HAND”

 


****************************************
.

 

THIS ZODIAC SEA WOLF IS THE EARLY POPULAR NON-DATE VERSION

 

 IMG_5084.JPG (148431 bytes)

 

THE DIAL HAS BEEN COMPLETELY RESTORED
EXACTLY AS IT WAS IN 1966

 

THE TRIANGULAR 6-9 & 12 MARKERS WITH
NUMBERS IN BLACK ARE RE-LUMED

 

THE CENTERS OF THE HOUR MARKERS
ARE RE-LUMED

 

THE ORIGINAL STEEL HANDS
AND TRIANGLE BEZEL ARE RE-LUMED

 

IMG_5090.JPG (137594 bytes)

 

ORIGINALLY RADIUM ILLUMINATED
THE RADIUM HAS BEEN REM,OVED AND REPLACED
WITH
AF-LUMINOVA
HIGH-PERFORMANCE
PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT

 

IMG_5095.JPG (121931 bytes)

 

SIGNED

ZODIAC
SEA WOLF
WATER TESTED
20 ATM ESPECIALLY
LOGO

 

IMG_5092.JPG (121964 bytes)

 

STAINLESS STEEL IN EXCELLENT CONDITION

 


IMG_5094.JPG (114268 bytes)
SIGNED CROWN

 

34x42mm
W/O CROWN

 


IMG_2658.jpg (10464 bytes)

IMG_0246.JPG (126363 bytes)

 

NEW ORIGINAL PLEXIGLAS CRYSTAL

IMG_0261.JPG (97664 bytes)

CASE IS IN EXCELLENT RESTORED CONDITION

 

IMG_0260.JPG (98967 bytes)

CASE AND

 

IMG_5017.JPG (106956 bytes)

 

BEZEL REFINISHED

 

IMG_0221.JPG (157031 bytes)

 

NOTICE THE
STEEL BALL BEARING BEZEL CLICK

LATER MODELS USED A
RED JEWEL AS THE BEZEL CLICK

 


IMG_0227.JPG (109250 bytes)

 


SILICONE 7

 

IMG_0228.JPG (109327 bytes)

 

EXTRA SEALING

 

IMG_0229.JPG (111570 bytes)

 

INDUSTRIAL
SEALING

 


IMG_0230.JPG (148937 bytes)

 

INDUSTRIAL
SEALING
PLUS
BLACK
RUBBER SEAL

 

AMOV1.jpg (24677 bytes)
17J ZODIAC MOVEMENT
70
NON DATE
1966
MILITARY PX VERSION

 

ca. 70-72
[DOES NOT DENOTE DATE]
Zodiac Ltd
Swiss
17 Jewels
Incabloc

Features
automatic
sweep second

Data
11.5”’, Dm= 25.6mm
H= 4.8mm
17 jewels
f = 21600 A/h
power reserve 40h

 

*****************************

 

CONDITION
– EXCELLENT TO FINE –
WATCH WINDS SETS & KEEPS TIME
**************************************\

 

 

 

 

THE US WAS WINNING THE WAR

 

The decision signaled the end of a bitter, decade-long debate within the Party leadership between first two, and then three factions. The moderates believed that the economic viability of North Vietnam should come before support of a massive and conventional southern war and who generally followed the Soviet line of peaceful coexistence by reunifying Vietnam through political means.

 

Planning in Hanoi for a winter-spring offensive during 1968 had begun in early 1967 and continued until early the following year. There has been an extreme reluctance among communist historians to discuss the decision-making process that led to the General Offensive General Uprising, even decades after the event. In official North Vietnamese literature, the decision to launch Tet Mau Than was usually presented as the result of a perceived U.S. failure to win the war quickly, the failure of the American bombing campaign against the North Vietnam, and the anti-war sentiment that pervaded the population of the U.S. The decision to launch the general offensive, however, was much more complicated.

The decision signaled the end of a bitter, decade-long debate within the Party leadership between first two, and then three factions. The moderates believed that the economic viability of North Vietnam should come before support of a massive and conventional southern war and who generally followed the Soviet line of peaceful coexistence by reunifying Vietnam through political means. Heading this faction were party theoretician Tru?ng Chinh and Minister of Defense Võ Nguyên Giáp. The militant faction, on the other hand, tended to follow the foreign policy line of the People’s Republic of China and stridently called for the reunification of the nation by military means and that no negotiations should be undertaken with the Americans. This group was led by Party First Secretary Lê Duan and Lê Ðuan Tho (no relation). From the early to mid-1960s, the militants had dictated the direction of the war in South Vietnam.

General Nguyen Chí Thanh the head of Central Office for South Vietnam (COSVN), communist headquarters for the South, was another prominent militant. Strangely, the followers of the Chinese line believed in their strategy against the US and its allies on large-scale, main force actions rather than the protracted guerrilla war espoused by Mao Zedong.

By 1966-1967, however, after suffering massive casualties, stalemate on the battlefield, and destruction of the northern economy by U.S. aerial bombing, there was a dawning realization that, if current trends continued, Hanoi would eventually lack the resources necessary to affect the military situation in the South. As a result, there were more strident calls by the moderates for negotiations and a revision of strategy. They felt that a return to guerrilla tactics was more appropriate since the U.S. could not be defeated conventionally. They also complained that the policy of rejecting negotiations was in error. The Americans could only be worn down in a war of wills during a period of “fighting while talking.” During 1967 things had become so bad on the battlefield that Lê Du?n ordered Thanh to incorporate aspects of protracted guerrilla warfare into his strategy.

During the same period, a counterattack was launched by a new, third grouping (the centrists) led by President Ho? Chí Minh, Lê Ðuc Tho, and Foreign Minister Nguyen Duy Trinh, who called for negotiations. From October 1966 through April 1967, a very public debate over military strategy took place in print and via radio between Thanh and his rival for military power, Giáp.Giáp had advocated a defensive, primarily guerrilla strategy against the U.S. and South Vietnam. Thanh’s position was that Giáp and his adherents were LEFTed on their experiences during the First Indochina War and that they were too “conservative and captive to old methods and past experience… mechanically repeating the past.”

The arguments over domestic and military strategy also carried a foreign policy element as well, because North Vietnam was totally dependent on outside military and economic aid. The vast majority of its military equipment was provided by either the Soviet Union or China. Beijing advocated that North Vietnam conduct a protracted war on the Maoist model, fearing that a conventional conflict might draw them in as it had in the Korean War. They also resisted the idea of negotiating with the allies. Moscow, on the other hand, advocated negotiations, but simultaneously armed Hanoi’s forces to conduct a conventional war on the Soviet model. North Vietnamese foreign policy, therefore consisted of maintaining a critical balance between war policy, internal and external policies, domestic adversaries, and foreign allies with “self-serving agendas.”

To “break the will of their domestic opponents and reaffirm their autonomy vis-à-vis their foreign allies” hundreds of pro-Soviet, party moderates, military officers, and intelligentsia were arrested on 27 July 1967, during what came to be called the Revisionist Anti-Party Affair.

 

The leadership in Hanoi must have been initially despondent about the outcome of their great gamble.Their first and most ambitious goal, producing a general uprising, had ended in a dismal failure. In total, approximately 85,000–100,000 communist troops had participated in the initial onslaught and in the follow-up phases. Overall, during the “Border Battles” of 1967 and the nine-month winter-spring campaign, 45,267 communist troops had been killed in action\

 

The horrendous losses inflicted on Viet Cong units struck into the heart of the irreplaceable infrastructure that had been built up for over a decade. MACV estimated that 181,149 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese troops had been killed during 1968. From this point forward, Hanoi was forced to fill one-third of the Viet Cong’s ranks with North Vietnamese regulars.

 

However, this change had little effect on the war, since North Vietnam had little difficulty making up the casualties inflicted by the offensive.

 

Some Western historians have come to believe that one insidious ulterior motive for the campaign was the elimination of competing southern members of the Party, thereby allowing the northerners more control once the war was won.

 

All of the arrests were based on the individual’s stance on the Politburo’s choice of tactics and strategy for the proposed General Offensive. This move cemented the position of the militants as Hanoi’s strategy: The rejection of negotiations, the abandonment of protracted warfare, and the focus on the offensive in the towns and cities of South Vietnam. More arrests followed in November and December.

 

After cementing their position during the Party crackdown, the militants sped up planning for a major conventional offensive to break the military deadlock. They concluded that the Saigon government and the U.S. presence were so unpopular with the population of the South that a broad-based attack would spark a spontaneous uprising of the population, which, if the offensive was successful, would enable the communists to sweep to a quick, decisive victory. Their basis for this conclusion included: a belief that the South Vietnamese military was no longer combat effective; the results of the fall 1967 South Vietnamese presidential election (in which the Nguy?n Van Thi?u/Nguy?n Cao K? ticket had only received 24 percent of the popular vote); the Buddhist crises of 1963 and 1966; well-publicized anti-war demonstrations in Saigon; and continuous criticism of the Thieu government in the southern press. Launching such an offensive would also finally put an end to what have been described as “dovish calls for talks, criticism of military strategy, Chinese diatribes of Soviet perfidy, and Soviet pressure to negotiate—all of which needed to be silenced.”

 

*******************************

 

TET OFFENSIVE

 

TET

 

The Tet Offensive was a massive surprise attack on American and South Vietnam forces, bases , and key strategic targets, and Vietnam cities, towns and hamlets. by the Vietcong and North Vietnamese forces, on scores of cities, towns, and hamlets throughout South Vietnam on the . It was considered to be a turning point in the Vietnam War. Not so much from the actual attacks, because the North lost, but because theAnti War effort in the US was able to use the TET OFFENSIVE to falsely describe it as proof the US was losing the war.

 

Tet Nguyên Ðán, more commonly known by its shortened name Tet or “Vietnamese Lunar New Year”, is the most important and popular holiday and festival in Vietnam. It is the Vietnamese New Year marking the arrival of spring based on the Lunar calendar, a lunisolar calendar. Celebrated on the same day as Chinese New Year, many Vietnamese prepare for Tet by cooking special holiday foods and cleaning the house, visiting a person’s house on the first day of the new year,  ancestral worshipping, wishing New Year’s greetings, giving lucky money to children and elderly people, and opening a shop. It is also  an occasion for pilgrims and family reunions. The New Year begins on the first night of the first moon after the sun enters Aquarius. This is sometime between January 21 and February 19 on the solar calendar.

 

1968 TET

 

US and AVN Forces and the Vietcong and North Vietnam agreed to a cease fire in celebration of  the 1968 TET, which began on January 30, 1968. Many US soldiers were given leaves of absence, and South Vietnam, in general, relaxed their normal preparedness.

 

North Vietnam

 

Mean while, with Ho Chi Minh nearing death, and the Vietcong and NVA losing massive amounts of men and arms, the North Vietnamese believed that the only means to victory was an all-out military effort. The North Vietnamese agreed to the cease-fire, while having planned, supplied and trained over 85,000 Vietcong and North Vietnamese Regular Army (NVA) , troops, to launch a major offensive throughout South Vietnam, on first day of the Lunar New Year , January 31, 1968.

 

TET OFFENSIVE BEGINS

 

The first wave of attacks began shortly after midnight on 30 January as all five provincial capitals in II Corps and Da Nang, in I Corps, were attacked.

 

Nha Trang, headquarters of the U.S. I Field Force, was the first to be hit, followed shortly by Ban Me Thuot, Kontum, Hoi An, Tuy Hoa, Da Nang, Qui Nhon, and Pleiku.

 

During all of these operations, the communists followed a similar pattern: mortar or rocket attacks were closely followed by massed ground assaults conducted by battalion-strength elements of the Viet Cong, sometimes supported by North Vietnamese regulars.

 

These forces would join with local cadres who served as guides to lead the regulars to the most senior South Vietnamese headquarters and the radio station.

 

The operations, however, were not well coordinated at the local level. By daylight, almost all communist forces had been driven from their objectives. General Phillip B. Davidson, the new MACV chief of intelligence, notified Westmoreland that “This is going to happen in the rest of the country tonight and tomorrow morning.

 

All U.S. forces were placed on maximum alert and similar orders were issued to all ARVN units. The allies, however, still responded without any real sense of urgency. Orders canceling leaves either came too late or were disregarded.

At 03:00 on the morning of 31 January communist forces assailed Saigon, Cholon, and Gia Dinh in the Capital Military District; Queng Tre, Hue, Quang Tin, Tam Ke, and Queng Ngãi as well as U.S. bases at Phú Bài and Chu Lai in I Corps; Phan Thiet, Tuy Hòa, and U.S. installations at Bong Son and An Khê in II Corps; and Cen Tho and Vinh Long in IV Corps.

 

The following day, Biên Hòa, Long Thanh, Bình Duong in III Corps and Kien Hoa, Dinh Tuong, Go Cong, Kien Giang, Vinh Binh, Ben Tre, and Kien Tuong in IV Corps were assaulted.

 

The last attack of the initial operation was launched against Bac Lieu in IV Corps on 10 February.

 

A total of approximately 84,000 communist troops participated in the attacks while thousands of others stood by to act as reinforcements or as blocking forces. Communist forces also mortared or rocketed every major allied airfield and attacked 64 district capitals and scores of smaller towns.

In most cases the defense against the communists was a South Vietnamese affair. Local militia or ARVN forces, supported by the National Police, usually drove the attackers out within two or three days, sometimes within hours; but heavy fighting continued several days longer in Kontum, Buôn Ma Thuet, Phan Thiet, C?n Tho, and Ben Tre.

 

The outcome in each instance was usually dictated by the ability of local commanders— some were outstanding, others were cowardly or incompetent. During this crucial crisis, however, no South Vietnamese unit broke or defected to the communists.

According to Westmoreland, he responded to the news of the attacks with optimism, both in media presentations and in his reports to Washington. According to closer observers, however, the general was “stunned that the communists had been able to coordinate so many attacks in such secrecy” and he was “dispirited and deeply shaken.”

 

According to Clark Clifford, at the time of the initial attacks, the reaction of the U.S. military leadership “approached panic”.

 

Although Westmoreland’s appraisal of the military situation was correct, he made himself look foolish by continuously maintaining his belief that Khe Sanh was the real objective of the communists and that 155 attacks by 84,000 troops was a diversion (a position he maintained until at least 12 February).

 

Washington Post reporter Peter Braestrup summed up the feelings of his colleagues by asking “How could any effort against Saigon, especially downtown Saigon, be a diversion?”

 

It took weeks for U.S. and South Vietnamese troops to retake all of the captured cities, including the former imperial capital of Hue.

 

 

 

HUE

 

Hue was the Imperial Capitol of Vietnam between 1802 and 1945, when the last Emperor Bao Ðai abdicated and a communist government was established. In 1968, it housed the ruins of  the imperial capital of the Nguyen Dynasty and was well known for its monuments and architecture. Its population back then was about 140,000 people.

 

The city was overrun by communist forces which initially totaled approximately 7,500 men. Both sides then rushed to reinforce and resupply their forces. Lasting 25 days, the battle of Hue became one of the longest and bloodiest single battles of the Vietnam War.

 

In the battle 16 to 18 communist battalions (8,000-11,000 men) were taking part in the fighting for the city itself or the approaches to the former imperial capital.

 

In the aftermath of the recapture of the city, the discovery of several mass graves (the last of which were uncovered in 1970) of South Vietnamese citizens of Hue sparked a controversy that has not diminished with time. The victims had either been clubbed or shot to death or simply buried alive. The official allied explanation was that during their initial occupation of the city, the communists had quickly begun to systematically round up (under the guise of re-education) and then execute as many as 2,800 South Vietnamese civilians that they believed to be potentially hostile to communist control.

 

216 U.S. Marines and soldiers had been killed during the fighting and 1,609 were wounded. 421 ARVN troops were killed, another 2,123 were wounded, and 31 were missing. More than 5,800 civilians had lost their lives during the battle and 116,000 were left homeless out of an original population of 140,000.

 

Saigon

Although Saigon was the focal point of the offensive, the communists did not seek a total takeover of the city. Rather, they had six primary targets to strike in the downtown area: the headquarters of the ARVN General Staff at Tan Son Nhut Air Base; the Independence Palace, the US Embassy, Saigon, the Long Binh Naval Headquarters, and the National Radio Station. These objectives were all assaulted by small elements of the local C-10 Sapper Battalion. Elsewhere in the city or its outskirts, ten Viet Cong Local Force Battalions attacked the central police station and the Artillery Command and the Armored Command headquarters (both at Go Vap). The plan called for all these initial forces to capture and hold their positions for 48 hours, by which time reinforcements were to have arrived to relieve them.

 

The US Embassy, Saigon, a massive six-floor building situated within a four acre compound, had only been completed in September. At 02:45 it was attacked by a 19-man sapper team that blew a hole in the 8-foot-high (2.4 m) surrounding wall and charged through. With their officers killed in the initial attack and their attempt to gain access to the building having failed, the sappers simply occupied the chancery grounds until they were all killed or captured by US reinforcements that were landed on the roof of the building six hours later.

 

Throughout the city, small squads of Viet Cong fanned out to attack various officers and enlisted men’s billets, homes of ARVN officers, and district police stations. Provided with “blacklists” of military officers and civil servants, they began to round up and execute any that could be found.On 1 February General Nguy?n Ng?c Loan, chief of the National Police, publicly executed Viet Cong officer Nguyen Van Lem captured in civilian clothing in front of a photographer and film cameraman. What was not explained in the wake of the distribution of the captured images was that the suspect had allegedly just taken part in the killing of one of Loan’s most trusted officers and his family

 

Except at Hu and mopping-up operations in and around Saigon, the first surge of the offensive was over by the second week of February. The U.S. estimated that during the first phase (30 January – 8 April), approximately 45,000 communist soldiers were killed and an unknown number were wounded. For years this figure was held as excessive, but it was confirmed by Stanley Karnow in Hanoi in 1981. Westmoreland claimed that during the same period 32,000 communist troops were killed and another 5,800 captured. The South Vietnamese suffered 2,788 killed, 8,299 wounded, and 587 missing in action. U.S. and other allied forces suffered 1,536 killed, 7,764 wounded, and 11 missing.

 

Khe Sanh

 

The attack on Khe Sanh, which began on 21 January, may have been intended to serve two purposes—as a real attempt to seize the position or as a diversion to draw American attention and forces away from the population LEFT in the lowlands, a deception that was “both plausible and easy to orchestrate.” In General Westmoreland’s view, the purpose of the Combat Base was to provoke the North Vietnamese into a focused and prolonged confrontation in a confined geographic area, one which would allow the application of massive U.S. artillery and air strikes that would inflict heavy casualties in a relatively unpopulated region. By the end of 1967, MACV had moved nearly half of its maneuver battalions to I Corps in anticipation of just such a battle.

 

Khe Sanh and its 6,000 U.S. Marine Corps, Army, and ARVN defenders were surrounded by two to three North Vietnamese divisions, totaling approximately 20,000 men. Throughout the siege, which lasted until 8 April, the allies were subjected to heavy mortar, rocket, and artillery bombardment, combined with sporadic small-scale infantry attacks on outlying positions. With the exception of the overrunning of the U.S. Special Forces camp at Lang Vei, however, there was never a major ground assault on the base and the battle became largely a duel between American and North Vietnamese artillerists, combined with massive air strikes conducted by U.S. aircraft. By the end of the siege, U.S Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy aircraft had dropped 39,179 tons of ordnance in the defense of the base

 

In the end, a major allied relief expedition (Operation Pegasus) reached Khe Sanh on 8 April, but North Vietnamese forces were already withdrawing from the area. Both sides claimed that the battle had served its intended purpose. The U.S. estimated that 8,000 North Vietnamese troops had been killed and considerably more wounded, against 730 American lives lost and another 2,642 wounded

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