took 8 weeks to get dies
the die for the 24 hour chapter is coming in friday
began strap a week ago. have been looking for a few items
ROLEX 1ST MADW 324HR DIAL
JAPANESE WWII IMPERIAL PERIOD NAVY WATCH
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) ( Dai-Nippon Teikoku Kaigun or Nippon Kaigun, literally “Navy of the Great Japanese Empire”) was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan’s defeat and surrender in World War II. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) was formed after the dissolution of the IJN.
The Japanese Navy was the third largest navy in the world by 1920, behind the Royal Navy and the United States Navy It was supported by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service for aircraft and airstrike operation from the fleet. It was the primary opponent of the Western Allies in the Pacific War.
The origins of the Imperial Japanese Navy go back to early interactions with nations on the Asian continent, beginning in the early medieval period and reaching a peak of activity during the 16th and 17th centuries at a time of cultural exchange with European powers during the Age of Discovery. After two centuries of stagnation during the country’s ensuing seclusion policy under the shoguns of the Edo period, Japan’s navy was comparatively backward when the country was forced open to trade by American intervention in 1854. This eventually led to the Meiji Restoration. Accompanying the re-ascendance of the Emperor came a period of frantic modernization and industrialization. The navy’s history of successes, sometimes against much more powerful foes as in the Sino-Japanese war and the Russo-Japanese War, ended in almost complete annihilation during the concluding days of World War II, largely by the United States Navy (USN).
In order to combat the numerically superior American navy, the IJN devoted large amounts of resources to creating a force superior in quality the objective being of “making up for quantity by means of quality”. Consequently, at the beginning of World War II, Japan probably had the most sophisticated Navy in the world. Betting on the agile success of aggressive tactics which stemmed from Mahanian doctrine and the concept of decisive battle, Japan did not invest significantly on capabilities needed to protect its long shipping lines against enemy submarines which was something Japan never managed to do, particularly under-investing in the vital area of antisubmarine warfare (both escort ships and escort carriers) and in the specialized training and organization to support it Japan’s reluctance to use it’s submarine fleet for commerce raiding and failure to secure its communications also hastened her defeat.
During the first six months of the war the Imperial Japanese Navy enjoyed spectacular success inflicting heavy defeats on allied forces. The attack on Pearl Harbor crippled the battle line of US Pacific fleet while Allied navies were devastated during the conquest of South East Asia. Japanese naval aircraft were responsible for sinkings of Prince of Wales and Repulse which was the first time that capital ships were sunk by aerial attack while underway. In April 1942, the Indian Ocean raid drove the Royal Navy from Asia.
After these successes the IJN now concentrated on the elimination and neutralization of strategic points from where the Allies could launch counteroffensives against Japanese conquests However, at Coral Sea the Japanese were forced to abandon their attempts to isolate Australia while the defeat in the Midway Campaign saw the Japanese forced on the defensive. The campaign in the Solomon Islands, in which the Japanese lost the war of attrition, was the most decisive; the Japanese failed to commit enough forces in sufficient time. During 1943 the Allies were able to reorganize their forces and American industrial strength began to turn the tide of the war. American forces ultimately managed to gain the upper hand through a vastly greater industrial output and a modernization of its air and naval forces.
In 1943, the Japanese also turned their attention to the defensive perimeters of their previous conquests. Forces on Japanese held islands in Micronesia were to absorb and wear down an expected American counteroffensive. However, American industrial power become apparent and the military forces that faced the Japanese in 1943 were overwhelming in firepower and equipment. From the end of 1943 to 1944 Japan’s defensive perimeter failed to hold.
Defeat at the Philippine Sea was a disaster for Japanese naval air power with American pilots terming the slanted air/sea battle the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot, mostly going in the favor of the U.S., while the battle of Leyte Gulf led to the destruction of a large part of the surface fleet. During the last phase of the war, the Imperial Japanese Navy resorted to a series of desperate measures, including a variety of Special Attack Units (popularly called kamikaze). By May 1945, most of the Imperial Japanese Navy had been sunk and the remnants had taken refuge in Japan’s harbors.
|Imperial Japanese Navy vs US Navy shipbuilding
(1937–1945, in Standard Tons Displacement)