| THE JAWAN HMT IS NOT NATIVE TO INDIA
THIS ESSAY CONCERNS THE INDIAN JAWAN PARA SHOCK MILITARY WATCHES WITH BROAD ARROW
Jawan is a word in Hindi for SOLDIER. Jawan was registered as a trade mark by the ENGLISH ” West End Watch Co” founded by MM. Amstutz and Droz, owner of Alcide Droz & Sons, in 1886 in “The West End” district of London, West End Watch Co would become a well established trade name for the marketing of time pieces to the British controlled Mid-East and India Civilian and Military market.
By 1914, West End Watch Co were well established and owned the contracts for both the Indian Military and Civil Services markets. With acceptance of the British Military, West End Watch Co produced solid, well made and cased West End Trench and Pocket Watches for the Military [long tail broad arrow] and the Indian Civil Service [marked C.S. with C-tailed BROAD ARROW].
West End Watch Company developed the first waterproof pocket watch ever produced: “L’Impermeable” (Displayed at the International Watchmaking Museum of La Chaux-de-Fonds).
During the First World War, a large force of British and Indian soldiers were sent from Bombay to the Persian Gulf to reach Mesopotamia (Iraq). Each received a West End Watch Company watch; marking the first official use by British Forces of a West End “Military” Watch leading to the brand becoming famous amongst British Enlisted Forces.
In 1917, West End Watch Company changed its name to Société des Montres West End SA and was registered in Geneva. At the same time the sub-brand Lowan was also registered and introduced in England..
In 1934, the Société des Montres West End SA was the first brand to introduce the Incabloc anti-shock system invented by Mr. Braunschweig
Within several years of the end of WWII, West End Watch Company began producing watches in India.
In 1961. ****Hindustan Machine Tools [HMT 1953] set up a watch division utilizing equipment and movements from West End Watch co, with assistance from citizen watch company, to produce watches, including the Jawan, a military issue watch under the HMT logo utilizing the long shaft version of the English Broad Arrow.
***Conviently Named So To Continue To Utilize The British Military “HMT” –which stood for “HIS MAJESTY’S TROOPS”! on the dial!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!