thumb

Vietnam Military WATCH Issue

 NOTE: THE ONLY DIVE WATCH US MIL CONTRACTS WERE THE CANTEEN AND THE TORNEK. IF SOME ONE CAN PINT ANOTHER I WOULD BE HAPPY TO KNOW. FROM ROLEX TO SEA WOLF, MANY DIVES WERE UTILIZED BY NAVY DIVERS UDT ETC,  HELIO AND JET PILOTS ALSO UTILIZED MANY DIFFERENT WATCHES, BUT ONLY MIL SPEC WATCHES FROM[…]

ROCKS CURRENT OFFERS

  MENU AT BOTTOM CLICK ABOVE [rocks shop] CHECK OUT THE OFFERS ON TWO EBAY SHOPS SEE SOMETHING YOU LIKE? THEN SEND ROCK A TICKET IF YOU ARE A MEMBER YOU WILL RECEIVE A DISCOUNT [jas shop] CLICK BELOW  _______________ FOR DISCOUNTS OF 20% TO 40% IN REAL DOLLARS ON PRODUCTS, JEWELRY, WATCHES AND SERVICES,[…]

FREE ID AND WATCH CHECK

    THIS IS YOUR COMMUNITY! THOUGH GSW/MWB OPERATES AN AWESOME BRICK AND MORTAR STUDIO & GALLERY & 5 WEBSITES ON A DEDICATED SERVER WITH OVER 30,000 PICTURES OF RESTORATIONS, AND HAVE OFFERED OUR SERVICES SINCE 1989 [JOINED THE INTERNET 1992], WE NOT ONLY SELL WE ALSO INVEST IN DOZENS WATCHES FROM FELLOW WATCH SELLERS.[…]

Dial Restoration Is Costly Yet Necessary

TO RESTORE OR NOT RESTORE VINTAGE WATCH DIALS I like to say I am not a watchmaker .. rather a hacking master restoration expert restoring history. With over 35000 pictures, 1.2 mil Google requests every 15 days,+near 10,000 articles online. i am obsessive LOL. Thus I call upon only the best of the best. When[…]

CHRONOGRAPH A RETOUR GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES

    GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY   KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA JULY 24 2003 WWII-IMPERIAL-JAPAN-SEIKOSHA-SEIKO-LUME-DIAL-MILITARY-WATCH JULY 24[…]

JEWELRY PICTURES MILITARY LADIES EBAY OFFERS

  MENU AT BOTTOM CLICK ABOVE [rocks shop] CHECK OUT THE OFFERS ON TWO EBAY SHOPS SEE SOMETHING YOU LIKE? THEN SEND ROCK A TICKET IF YOU ARE A MEMBER YOU WILL RECEIVE A DISCOUNT [jas shop] CLICK BELOW _______________ FOR DISCOUNTS OF 20% TO 40% IN REAL DOLLARS ON PRODUCTS, JEWELRY, WATCHES AND SERVICES,[…]

EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA INVESTED BY ALPINA

      GSW PO BOX 2301 SUWANEE, GA, USA 30024 goldsmithworks.com 770.831.1257 – 1.800.438.6894 HTTP://FREE.TICKETS.COM Date/Report Number …..120811.LWW Item:  EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA               PURCHASED BY THE ALPINA COMPANY   ALPINA ca. 1915: 182597 WITH MILITARY BLACK DIAL SIGNED EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA WITH 60 MINUTE OUTER TRACK BORDER WHITE[…]

11TH-AIR-BORNE-WWII-VIETNAM

THE ANGELS 11TH AIRBORNE DIVISION WWII 11TH PACIFIC THEATER VIETNAM MID-EAST   GO AND VIEW 300 PHOTOS OF THE 11TH IN WWII THE BEST  MILITARY-WATCH-BOX™ ASSEMBLED     REPRESENTING THE VERY AIRBORNE TROOPERS WHOSE ACTIONS PAVED THE ROAD FOR MANY BANDS OF BROTHERS TO EXIST ***************************************************************** THESE AIRBORNE TROOPERS LIKE A BAND OF FOREST GUMPS[…]

AWESOME-WWII-RESTORATIONS

*********************** NEW MAR 7TH 2013   WE WILL BE POSTING ANOTHER HALD DOZEN OR SO MORE OF DAVID’S INCREDIBLE COLLECTION SENT FOR RESTORATION       NEW JAN 18TH 2013 THESE WERE SHIPPED END OF DECEMBER ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH[…]

APPRAISING

BASIC FACTS ABOUT JEWELRY APPRAISAL & INSURANCE REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL APPRAISAL TO SELL YOUR JEWELRY JEWELRY INSURANCE & CARE INSURANCE COMPANIES REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL A REPLACEMENT APPRAISAL IS WRITTEN TO COVER THE EXACT AMOUNT THAT YOU PAID FOR THE ITEM. THIS IS NOT AN INFLATED VALUE OF YOUR JEWELRY. THIS ALLOWS FOR AN EXACT PRICE[…]

ROLEX

       

A-WATCH HOW IT OPERATES IN VIDEO

  GOLDSMITHWORKS PO BOX 2301 SUWANEE, GA, USA, 30024 +1.770.831.1257  – 1.800.438.6894 Watch For Sale Need Help ID Value? 35000 WATCH  IMAGES 25000 PAGES ONLINE 24/7 GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS.COM GOLDSMITHWORKS.COM     MILITARYWATCHBOX.COM LSYF.COM TIMEFRAUD.COM          GOLDSMITHTRAINING.COM  1947 – 1949 WHAT MAKES A FINE WATCH FINE [this video tajke you into the most fabulous era of watch making[…]

OFFERS

OFFERS JUST SAY NO TO EBAY  shop.lsyf.com shop.timefraud.com shop.goldsmithworks.com shop.goldsmithtraining.com shop.militarywatchbox.com shop.goldsmithwatchworks.com shop.vintagetimeremadeinamerica.com watch-and-box-sales   [auction-nudge tool=”listings”]

WORKS

“” [auction-nudge tool=”listings”]

goldsmithworks and rock restoring seiko dive watch

WHOM DO YOU WANT TO RESTORE YOUR SEIKO WATCHES 1890 T0 1990 ,, Seiko is one of a few rare companies that made everything for their watches. From Cases, Dials, Movements and Tools, TO Oils, Grease, Repair Equipment, Straps, Bands, Bracelets, Crowns, everything was designed, created manufactured in house. SOME PARTS WERE PROBABLY IMPORTED SEIKO[…]

thumb

1940 WWII KOREA VIETNAM WYLER FLOATING BEZEL AIRMAN WATCH

  GOLDSMITHWORKS IN BIZ FOR 30 YEARS ONLINE SINCE 1992 WATCH SALES  REPAIRS RESTORATIONS APPRAISALS TAKE A LOOK AT OUR ONLINE PICTURES 45000 PICTURES IN 452 ALBUMS GOOGLE PICTURE SITE ***************************************** WYLER WYLER-101SR-29MM WWII 11TH AIRBORNE DEPLETED RADIUM DIAL MILITARY INCAFLEX JUMP WATCH 29.3 MM W/O CROWN WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH ALL PICTURES[…]

thumb

WWII 1941 MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT BUMPER

*************************************************** RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED 1941 WWII MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT SUPERAUTOMATIC WITH 17J MIDO 817 BUMPER AND ALL STAINLESS STEEL CASE WITH STAINLESS STEEL WWII SPRING BAND WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY WITH 19.00[…]

thumb

WWII HELIOS 24HR SWEEPS

  RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED WWII ERA WITH HACKED SWEEP SECONDS REAPPEARED DURING VIETNAM ERA HELIOS MILITARY DIALED 17J WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY WITH 19.00 US SUBSIDIZED DOUBLE BOXED INSURED WITH SIGNATURE DELIVERY! 26.00[…]

thumb

1968 PX BX RR VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH

  GSW  PICASA WATCH GALLERY GSWW WATCHES *************************************************** READY TO WEAR VINTAGE RESTORED & OVERHAULED EXCELLENT  CONDITION 1968 PX/BX-R&R VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH WITH BALLISTIC NYLON OLIVE DRAB G-18 MILITARY STRAP WITH KEEPERS FITS 6 TO 9 *******************************************  YOU ALSO RECEIVE FREE A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY FREE APPRAISAL WITH INFO TO[…]

thumb

german wwii military watches

GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf THE QUESTIONS THAT FACE BOTH BUYER AND SELLER OF VINTAGE WWII GERMAN MILITARY WATCHES IS THEIR AUTHENTICATION. I MUST SAY, IF YOU INVEST IN A WATCH THAT IS BLACK DIALED, HAS OLD DEAD RADIUM ILLUMINATED NUMBERS AND HANDS, A SUB SECONDS REGISTER ABOVE THE 6 POSITION, HAS A STEEL OR CHROME CASE WITH WIRED[…]

HISTORIC WEEMS LONGINES BEST

[auction-nudge tool=”listings”] GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO WE- HAVE POSTED OVER 150,000 PERMANENT  IMAGES PLUS HISTORIES OF ALL OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE   WE MAINTAIN 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING OUR PATRONS WITH FREE DETAILED   INFORMATION, HISTORY/CLEAR PICS ON WATCHES RESTORED THE LAST[…]

DOES THE CASE HAVE TO BE CUSHION NO THE PERSHING

BEFORE A FORUM DODO BIRD SWEEPS IN TO “HELP” BY INFORMING US  IT AIN’T SO…. ALLOW ME TO INFORM YOU OF THE HISTORY OF THE 48 STAR AMERICAN SHEILD W/EAGLE AND PORCELAINE DIAL.   AN ELGIN POCKET WATCH -WITH PERSHING DIAL-   AFTER RESTORING OVER 200 PERSHING DIALED WATCHES, WE CONCLUDED THAT, THOUGH ELGIN PRODUCED[…]

WWII NAZI LUFTWAFFE HACKING SWEEP SECONDS ALPINA

THE RAREST WWII GERMAN WATCH A SMALL RUN OF THESE POCKET WATCHES WERE MADE IN GERMANY BY ALPINA   HONORING   HITLER.–\FEW SURVIVED  FEWER STILL ACTUALLR RUN DUE TO PARTS THIS ALPINA WAS/IS NOT SIMPLY A FASHION OR HONOR WATCH THE FACT THIS ALPINA HAS A MILITARY  HACKED SWEEP SECONDS HAND AND THIS RARE MILITARY GRADE[…]

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH MILITARY ILLUMINATED 24HR VERSION WITH CRYSTAL GUARD RED 12, RED 24HR CHAPTER ORIGINAL HANDS INCLUDING FITTING  TAILED SUB SECONDS HAND OUTLINED  ILLUMINATED RAILROAD NUMERALS LIKE KITCHENER MILITARY STRAPS ONE TONGUE IS LONGER THE ONE THAT IS TO RIGHT/ABOVE WHEN WEARING ON LEFT ARM, THIS ALLOWED THE SOLDIER TO PLACE OVER CUFF, JACKET[…]

VIETNAM ERA RED CROSS HELIOS CUFF STLE

FACT. GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO, WE HAVE OFFERED OUR VINTAGE TIME EXCLUSIVELY ONLINE WITH EB WE HAVE ALSO POSTED OVER 150,000 IMAGES OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE FREE WARRANTY AND APPRAISAL VERIFYING THE AUTHENTICITY OF OUR TIME PIECES 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING[…]

thumb

CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE

   CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE AVAILABLE ON ETSY WITH FREE SHIPPING TODAY WORLD WIDE   CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE THIS PIECE IS READY TO WEAR EVERY DAY TIME PIECE NOTE. CASABLANCA THE MOVIE I RECENTLY WATCHED THE MOVIE AND HIJACKED SOME FRAMES. WOW, PLUM FULL OF FREE FRENCH MATERIAL. IMPORTANT THEME[…]

German_WWII

GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf   GERMAN WWII ARMY SWEEP SECONDS INTELLIGENCE WATCH **************************************** BELOW IS PHOTO OF GENUINE DI-H ABOVE WAS POSTED ONLINE AS IS *************************************** I HAVE HAD ONLY TWO OF THESE IN 20 YEARS THE GERMAN MILITARY PROPERTY MARK”DI SERIAL H” WAS UTILIZED FOR THE ARMY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE MORE GERMAN WWII WATCH HISTORY BELOW ALL WATCHES[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_1

  <WE HAVE HAD ONLY 3 NEGATIVE & 2 NEUTRAL FEED BACKS IN 10 YEARS WITH 2500 TRANSACTIONS!!!!!!!! AND NO NEGATIVE/NEUTRAL FOR THE 8000 PRIVATE TRANSACTIONS < CHECK THIS FEED BACK!!!! TELL ME WHAT STORE EVER HAD THAT TYPE OF RECORD WHILE SELLING USED WATCHES OR USED CARS OR ANYTHING USED, OLD AND MECHANICAL–REGARDLESS OF[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_2

    FACTS CONCERNING MILITARY VS PRIVATE WWI THROUGH VIETNAM http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_1/ ACTUAL DIRECT WWII WATCHES RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_2/ ACTUAL WWI/WWII JAPAN/GERMAN/SWISS WATCHES RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_3/ ACTUAL WWII/VIETNAM/SWISS/US/RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_4/   ALL TIME PIECES RESTORED BY GOLDSMITHWORKS all watches restored by GOLDSMITHWORKS  GOLDSMITHWORKS USED TO INVEST IN 60 TO 70% OF OUR BASE[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_4

      FACTS CONCERNING MILITARY VS PRIVATE WWI THROUGH VIETNAM http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_1/ ACTUAL DIRECT WWII WATCHES RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_2/ WWI/WWII JAPAN/GERMAN/SWISS WATCHES  BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_3/ ACTUAL WWII/VIETNAM/SWISS/US/RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_4/   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED DIRECT TO PUBLIC/SOLDIER MILITARY WATCHES NOT ALL OF THESE ARE MILITARY, BUT THE MAJORITY ARE[…]

thumb

OnePatronFiftyWWII-Restorations

      OCT 30TH 2014   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED MILITARY WATCHES PDF! ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH TIME PIECE OF THIS INCREDIBLE EDUCATION PDF STORED POCKET TRENCH CONVERSIONS VIETNAM US GOV ISSUE WATCHES GERMAN SUBMARINE[…]

Elijah Reedy Speaks

Elijah Reedy Speaks I am Elijah Reedy, head of Goldsmith Watch Works. What better way to introduce myself than a story from 2008 about a German Alpina WWII military wrist watch that Rock invested in back in 2008. I witnessed that investment. Rock was pretty excited, the battle went back and forth to the wire[…]

WWII MILITARY WATCH RESTORATION COLLECTION

Vintage Time Re Vintage Time Re-Made In America ™ THIS GSW  TRADE MARK IS NOW A NEW INFORMATION AND WATCH SERVICES WEBSITE. CLICK ABOVE FOR TRANSPORTATION. BE SURE YOU BOOK MARK THE SITE GOLDSMITHWORKS GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS MILITARYWATCHBOX State Licensed Precious Metal, Gemstone & 2nd Hand Dealer Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™ Vintage Time[…]

JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN

  JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA JULY 24 2003 WWII-IMPERIAL-JAPAN-SEIKOSHA-SEIKO-LUME-DIAL-MILITARY-WATCH JULY 24 2003[…]

IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY

Published on: October 29, 2013
Categories: IRA, WEB HOSTING

 

 

 

The Irish Republican Army (IRA) (Irish: Óglaigh na hÉireann])

For hundreds of years, Ireland had been forcefully dominated by the British. All efforts to gain independence, or even self-rule, was brutally put down.
Britain would utilize the ancient Roman tactic of creating legitimacy through the use of pawns, mainly British selected “Irish Lords”.

25 November 1913 an organization of Irish Volunteers was established to fight for independence. In April of 1916, in what would become the Easter Rising, the
Irish Republic was proclaimed. Thereafter an an elected assembly (Dáil Éireann) was formed which recognized the Irish Volunteers as its legitimate army. In
1919 the Irish War of Independence began and the official Irish Republican Army waged a guerrilla campaign against the British.

In 1921 the British and Irish agreed to a cease fire which would produce the Anglo-Irish Treaty ending the Irish War of Independence. No sooner had the
details been released that a split occurred within the IRA. Michael Collins, who was the IRA leader and supported the treaty, formed the new Irish National
Army. The anti-treaty members, which were most of the IRA, began both a guerrilla campaign and a Civil War against the British, the Irish National Army and
Michael Collins with the goal of an independent Ireland republic. The Civil war lasted from 1922 to 1923. Though Michael Collins was assassinated in an
ambush, the IRA lost. The IRA would continue a guerrilla campaign through a mirage of forms, for 80 years with the intention of overthrowing both the Irish
Free State and Northern Ireland so to achieve what was proclaimed in 1916: The Irish Republic.

The Kingdom Of Ireland, The Irish Free State, Northern Ireland

prior 1169 -Gaelic Ireland

1169 -Lordship of Ireland after Norman invasion

1541-1801 -Kingdom of Ireland, Irish State

1801 -United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

1803 Irish rebellion led by Robert Emmet joined by other Protestants including James Hope. Executed

1840 Revolutionary writer and poet Thomas Davis and John Mitchel involved with William Smith O’Brien in rebellion of 1848.

1914 -Third Home Rule Act which contained a provision for the “temporary” partition of six northern counties where pro-British Protestant Irish rule
separately from the rest of Ireland this was suspended due to the outbreak of the WWI.

1916 -*** The majority “Nationalist” Community seeking greater Independence from Britain, revolt in the “Easter Rising”

1920- War of independence between Ireland and British leads to a treaty where Northern Ireland provisionally becomes an autonomous part of the newly
independent Irish Free State with the right to opt out.

1921 Ireland partitioned between Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland under the terms of Lloyd George’s Government of Ireland Act

1922 -Northern Ireland a 6 county Unionist community with a dominantly Protestant constituent

1922 – Southern Ireland a 26-county nationalist community with a dominant Roman Catholic constituent

1919 to 1922 -Irish Republic unrecognized independent state -David Lloyd George proposed bill dividing Ireland into two Home Rule areas with twenty-six
counties being ruled from Dublin by majority Catholic Nationalists and six Northern Counties being ruled from Belfast by Unionist Protestant

1922-1925 Free State Civil War

1925 Leaders in Dublin expected a substantial reduction in the territory of Northern Ireland, with Nationalist Free State securing additional territory
from Northern Ireland. Commission recommends a small portions of land should be ceded from the Free State to Northern Ireland.Free State secures a waiver of
the Free State’s obligations to the UK’s public debt

1922-1937-Irish Free State a dominion in the beginning comprising all of Ireland, then 26 of the Ireland’s 32 counties

1940,WWII Irish Free State declares neutrality

1945-1948 the end of WWII and Northern Ireland Britain loses most of her colonies across the globe. Learning that Winston Churchill had guaranteed to the
Nationalists, that they, Britain, would work toward a union of Northern Ireland and Southern Ireland after the war if Ireland joined the Allies, demand an act
that would guarantee their status as part of Britain.

1949 -** Northern Ireland receives the news of The Ireland Act of 1949 which provides a legal guarantee to the Parliament and Government of Northern Ireland
that the region will continue to be a part of the United Kingdom unless the consent of the majority of its citizens option out.

1950-1965 -With the passing of The Ireland Act, Northern Ireland Unionists begin to create and pass acts,laws and rules that are designed to limit the
influence of Nationalist Catholics in their domain. This discrimination against Nationalist Irish Catholics include even the rudimentary. From housing to
employment, Catholic Nationalist was deprived of their rights. The muscle of the Unionists include policing and electoral procedures. To insure
disenfranchisement of mostly Catholics, voting is limited to property-owning rate-payers.

1965-1972 the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association is formed. Utilizing the U.S. Civil Rights Movement as an example, they campaign utilizing civil
resistance to anti-Catholic discrimination but with limited results.

1968-2000, With no relief, the conflicting views become conflicting acts of intense violence in a underground civil war. Both Ireland’s *Roman Catholic
Nationalists [*IRA] and the Protestant Unionist in support of loyalist paramilitaries who carried out brazen attacks and murder, along with their sponsors
and supporters,the British, who would back the Northern Ireland Unionists against the Irish Nationalists with intrigue, force and terror tactics which
included assassinations, torture, illegal wire tapping and surveillance. At least 3,254 individuals would become casualties. Many “terrorist”/”patriot”
-loyalist/righist [depending on which side was quoting] acts of revenge would evolve into significant actions and events against not only the Northern
Unionist, but also the British as sponsors of the north. British soldiers, agents, prominent People [Famous WWII Lord Mountbatten assassinated by bombing]
and property become fair game.

*
The Irish Republican Army or “IRA* were the main political and military wing of the Nationalists during this era. Yet, different groups identified as IRA,
OIRA,CIRA and RIRA, with different ideology [including Marxist and socialism] existed from 1919 through present day. The original IRA of 1919 represented the
Irish People in their desire for Independence as a Nation called The Irish Republic.

A] The Irish Republican Army & Rebellion (April 1921 – First IRA)

[Old] IRA- After the rebellion against the British, the “Irish Republic” through the First Dáilhad recognized the IRA as the original legitimate army.When a
treaty with Britain was made, the IRA split into two factions. Those supporting the Treaty [ pro-Treaty forces ] became the National Army/Government
forces/regulars, and those against the treaty [anti-Treaty forces] became the Republicans/irregulars/Executive forces

B] The Irish Republican Army & Civil War(1922–1969)
A civil War between Anti-treaty IRA and Pro Treaty Government Forces was lost by the Anti Treaty branch; who then refused to recognize either the Irish Free
State or Northern Ireland, deeming them both to be creations of British imperialism. Over the next 40 Years, the IRA continued to exist one form or another
before splitting in 1969 because of a failure to protect Catholic communities in Northern Ireland.

C] Official IRA (OIRA),
this group are those that failed to protect Catholic communities. Though their power Declined in the mid 1970s, they were led by Cathal Goulding and were
primarily Marxist in its political orientation. Long inactive in the military sense, its political wing Officially Sinn Féin, would morph into the Workers’
Party of Ireland.

D] Provisional IRA (PIRA),
Though left-wing orientated, it was/is Opposed to the OIRA’s Marxism, it also and increasing political activity. Since the the term ‘IRA’ (without
qualifiers) is now used exclusively to denote this particular group.

E] The Continuity IRA (CIRA),
Members who broke from the PIRA in 1986 because the the PIRA ended its policy on abstentionism (thus recognizing the authority of the Republic of Ireland).

F] The Real IRA (RIRA)
In 1997 some members of the PIRA separated to form the RIRA because they were opposed to the ongoing peace process.

G] NEW IRA Oglaigh na hEireann (ONH)
In April 2011 former members of the Provisional IRA announced the resumption of hostilities under the mantle of the mainstream IRA. The Irish Republican Army
entirely separate from the Real IRA; even claiming responsibility for the April killing of PSNI constable Ronan Kerr and other attacks that had previously
been claimed by the Real IRA and ONH

**
The Protestant Unionist Irish

Created by the British as pawns to their ideology; which included the suppression by any means of the desire for self rule for any peoples who one day found
themselves a part of the British Empire. As in Ancient Rome, the British ruled over the majority in their colonies by creating a minority class of indigenous
social members in their image. By awarding Fiefs with Lordships, they had no problem creating the Protestant Irish Class. Unlike the Spanish who delivered
Catholicism to the New World and the French the same to Indochina, the British delivered the Kings Bible only to those it desired to rule in their stead over
their fellow Catholic Irish. Wanting to “be like mike”, those descendants of High Born Irish, who sought property, esteem, influence wealth and prestige, had
no problem what so ever in imitating the British by changing their religion. Most Irish Protestant Nationalists, from 1803 through 1949, sought freedom for
reasons of their own; that is the master/landlord class.

***
Protestant Nationalists

True 20th Century Irish Nationalists were always Roman Catholics. THE Protestant Nationalist Were only fighting for independence to better themselves. Had
indigence been granted in the forms they fought through legislative methods as Protestant Nationalists, they would have continued to hold the majority
Catholics of the nation as they did AFTER receiving what they desired as Protestant Nationalists before the mid 19th century!

Before the mid-19th century,there were Protestant Nationalists who supported legislative independence, then they supported the political independence of
Ireland prior to the union of the Kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland forming the United Kingdom, then for a form of home rule within the United Kingdom,
then for the partition of Ireland. During the fight for independence and The Irish Republic in 1919-1922, there were some Protestants who supported the war.
But, as the outcome demonstrated, it was the power of the Protestant Nationalists that secured the TREATY that most IRA members refused to accept. And, it
was the IRA that had the support of more than the majority of the people.

The Church of Ireland is the largest Protestant denomination having roughly 365,000 members. The Presbyterian Church of Ireland has a membership of
approximately 300,000. The Protestant citizens on North Ireland account for 35% of the population of the north and approximately 4.7% of the population of
the [now] Republic of Ireland. In of 2008, 89% of Northern Ireland Protestants believed the long term policy for Northern Ireland would be to remain in the
United Kingdom. Only 4% believed in the reunification with the Republic of Ireland

.

Welcome , today is Thursday, August 17, 2017