|THIS BOX HAS BEEN ON LINE A WHILE IN DIFFERENT FORMS.
COLLECTORS KEEP INVESTING INITEMS I PLACE WITHIN THE BOX! BUT I WOULD EXPECT THAT NOT MANY
OF YOU HAVE READ
"THE RISING SUN"
THE DECLINE AND FALL OF THE JAPANESE EMPIRE" '
SO THE ROCK WILL INCLUDE A COPY W/THIS BOX
NOT the COPY THAt SHIPS
NOTE THE COPY I BELIEVE IS AN OLD ORIGINAL. HAVE TO FIND IT
SO PIC IS NOT THE PIC OF THE BOOK. WILL TRY TO UPLOAD AS SOON AS POSSIBLE
WELL I COMBINED THE TARAWA OR SOUTH PACIFIC WWII
US/JAPAN WWII BOX WITH THE BRITISH LEND LEASE A-8 NAVIGATION TIMER ALONG WITH THE MASSIVE
US/BRITISH MAJOR AIR FORCE FLEET IN THE PACIFIC DURING WWII. JUST READ HOW
MANY CARRIERS THEY HAD. WOW. A GREATADDITION TO THE TARAWA BOX.
BEFORE - I WILL ADD THE AFTER SOON 16/2015
The Rise Of Japan
1905 - 1945
||Seal & Flag
|| Imperial Flag
I AM RE ADJUSTING THE BOX NEW
Japanese General Kuroki and his staff, including
foreign officers and war correspondents 1904
Prime Minister of Japan
A Japanese propaganda poster for the
"Good friends in three countries".
(left AdOolf HiItler, center Fumimaro Konoe, right Benito Mussolini)
On September 22, 1940, taking advantage of France's
defeat that summer, Japanese troops occupied French Indochina. Five days later, the
Japanese signed the Tripartite Pact effectively forming an alliance with Germany and Italy
and within 14 months would launch a devestating preemptive strike against the USA in
GONE WITH THE WIND OF THE CORE
2 MILES BY 800 YARDS
TARAWA WAS TRULY THE VERY FIRST BATTLE BETWEEN THE USA AND THE
JAPANESE IN THE PACIFIC THAT HAD ALSO HAD THE WAYSAND MEANS THAT WOULD BE UTILIZED UNTIL
JAPAN WASDEFEATED. FROM AMPHIBIOUS LANDINGS TO ISLAND HOPPING, AIRCRAFTCARRIERS AND SEA
BATTLES AND ALL OF THE ABOVE
OUR OFFER INCLUDES THE NAVY/MARINE CORPS
MILITARY/INTELLIGENCE PHOTOGRAPHERS SUMMERHELMET, AN EARLY SET OF GOGGLES
WITH SWAT GATHERS, A USA MILITARY ISSUE ELGIN JITTER BUG 10 SEC NAVIGATION
TIMER, SIGNED WITH US MIL A-8 MIL AND LEND LEASE BRITISH SIGNED [NOTE
THE INFO ON THE BRITISHP PACIFIC FLEET OF US SUPPLIED CARRIERS AND SUCH UNDER US COMMAND,
THERE ACTION INCLUDED SUPPORT OF THE US FORCES INCLUDING AGAINST SUICIDE FLYERS, INVASION
FORCES, LANDING FORCES. AND MORE. ALSO IS AN EARLY PACIFIC ISSUE JAPANESE CANTEEN,
AND PICTURES...... HAVE FUN.. OF, AND A HARD BACK COPY OF THE FALLL
THIS WONDERFUL FLIGHT HELMET
IS IN EXCELLENT CONDITION AND INCLUDES
PERFECT EAR PADS AN
LEATHER STAYS & SNAPS ARE IN D LEATHER SN
OVER ALL ABSOLUTELY FINE TO MINT CONDITION
HEADPHONE EAR MATERIAL
AND CHIN WRAP ARE IN NEAR MINT CONDITION
AP STRAPS AND PAD
THE BOX WAS CUT TO ALLOW THE EAR COVERS TO FIT.
LENSES CLOTH METAL ARE
Grade 582 1/30-second timer used by the US
Army-Airforce and known as Watch Navigation (Ground Speed) Type A-8.
One of its most important uses of the A-8
was for navigation. Air speed indicators on WWII aircraft were controlled by
air being forced into the air speed indicator as you flew your plane. The problem was that
as you gained altitude less and less air entered the device and there was always a wind
blowing and your speed relative to the ground is going to be either lower or higher
depending on whether you are flying into the wind or with the wind.
To make corrections and get your actual speed relative to the ground you needed to
do some arithmetic. You had to figure your actual ground-speed and compare it to the
airspeed indicator and then adjust your navigation calculations accordingly. The pilot or
navigator would pick out, say, a pair of known parallel roads or other landmarks about 5
to 10 miles apart early in your flight and the measure the distance between them using the
scale on a map, they would then click this 10 second timer on and then off as they
flew from one to the other. Some basic [for those that were trained]
calculations and division and they had their actual ground speed.
WITH LEG STRAP OR WITH A
MILITARY AVIATION TIMER
[ONE OF THE MOST JEWELED TIMERS EVER MADE]
BLACK MILITARY WHEELED
10 SEC TIMER MOVEMENT
WWII HEAVY CANVAS AND LEATHER
LEG OR THIGH STRAP
FACTORY REMOVABLE STABILIZER
BRITISH AVIATION MILITARY
FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED
FREE APPRAISAL WITH INFO TO INSURE ONLINE
CONTAINING ALL PICS & HISTORY
RESTORED TO NEAR MINT. USAA ELGIN A-8 LEND
LEASE NAVIGATION TIMER WITH FIELD MADE LEND STRAP MADE OF MILITARY CANVAS AND LEATHER
DETAILS ON CASE BACK SLIGHTLY WORN. BRITISH PATTERN CODE LIKE NEW. ELGIN SIGNED DIAL
MOVEMENT. SPECIAL 15 JEWEL -MOST TIMERS HAD MAX 7 JEWELS- MOVEMENT RESTORED &
OVERHAULED. DIAL 95%. IWC CASE SOME WEAR, LEG STRAP WWII OLIVE DRAB HEAVY THICK WEAVE
The British Pacific Fleet (BPF)
was a Royal Navy formation which saw action against Japan during the Second World War. The
fleet was composed of British Commonwealth naval vessels. Its main base was at Sydney,
Australia, with a forward base at Manus Island. One of the largest fleets ever assembled
by the Royal Navy, by VJ Day it had four battleships and six fleet aircraft carriers,
fifteen smaller aircraft carriers, eleven cruisers, and numerous smaller warships,
submarines, and support vessels.
NOTE LEG STRAP TIMER WWII
ELGIN W/LEG STRAP
WHERE MOST MILITARY TIMERS HAD 7 JEWELS MAX
AND WERE UNADJUSTED, THE ELGIN "JITTERBUG" A-8 PILOT/NAVIGATOR TIMER HAD A 15
JEWEL, ADJUSTED, 10 SECOND MOVEMENT. THE ENERGY AND SPEED OF THE BALANCE WAS
SO INTENSE, AND THE SOUND IT MADE SO LOUD, THAT IT GARNERED IT'S HISTORIC NAME - THE
BUT WHAT TRULY MADE IT MAKE THAT SOUND WAS
THAT IT DID NOT EVER STOP THE BALANCE. THE ONLY WAY TO STOP THE BALANCE ONCE IT STARTED
WAS TO LET IT RUN ITS COURSE UNTIL THE MAIN WOUND DOWN.
THE REASON WAS THE BALANCE IS SO SMALL AND
IT OPERATES SO FAST THAT IT WOULD BREAK THE STAFF.
NOTE THE TINY BALANCE! YOU HARDLY SEE IT UNDER THE BRIDGE COCK. SEE THE ADJUSTER? THEN THE
GOLD JEWEL RETAINER WITH DUAL HOLD DOWN SCREWS? BELOW IS THE JITTERBUG BALANCE. IT SINGLY
FLIES BACK AND FORTH SO FAST THE TIMING IS JUSTLY PRECISE. ONE OF THE MOST PRECISE TIMERS
THE WORLD HAS EVER WITNESSED BEFORE THE ADVENT OF QUARTZ.
SPEC. NO 94-27749
SER NO. AF-44 12681
MFRS PART, NO. 1778
YOU CAN SEE THAT THIS JITTERBUG WAS UTILIZED
EXTENSIVELY BY THE FACT THE SIGNING ON THE CASE BACK IS NO WORN AWAY IT TOOK 18 PICS TO
GET ONE YOU COULD READ.
NOTE: THE ELGIN A-8 HAS ELGIN ON THE DIAL
THE FACT IS, THE JITTERBUG WAS USED ON SUBS
AND FOR MANY OTHER TIMING EVENTS, YET IT'S PRIMARY PURPOSE WAS PROVIDING GROUND SPEED FOR
AIRPLANE NAVIGATION AS WELL AS FOR THE BOMBARDIER . WITH OUT PERFECT GROUND SPEED
FIGURES, ONCE A PLANE WAS ON ITS WAY, PRECISE NAVIGATE TO TARGETS OR DESTINATIONS
REQUIRED IT. ALSO UNTIL THE BOMB SCOPE IT WAS A GREAT TOOL DUE TO ITS 10 SECONDS ROTATION.
THIS JITTERBUG IS A TRUE U.S.A. ELGIN
A-8 PROVIDED TO US AND BRITISH MILITARY AIR CORPS. IT IS STAMPED ON THE CASE
BACK WITH US AND BRITISH WWII PATTERN & DEPLOYMENT NUMBERS. THIS A-8
SURVIVED WWII AND OPERATES LIKE IT DID WHEN FIRST RECEIVED.
NOTE THAT THIS IS ONE OF THE ONLY SUPER
AND ONLY ONE OF THAT HAS 15 JEWELS
BLACK RATCHET CLICK AND CROWN WHEELS
WERE FEATURES OF ELGIN MILITARY WATCHES
THIS AMERICAN / BRITISH AVIATION JITTERBUG
ELGIN 10SEC TIMER HAS A DOUBLE HINGED
CASE MADE BY THE INTERNATIONAL WATCH CASE CO.
THE HEAVY THICK CLOTH STRAPHAS USE STAINS BUT THEY ARE LIGHT ND RIGHT
WITHOUT THEM THIS WOULD NOT BEE WHAT IT IS SO NO HEAVY CLEANERS
NOT PART OF OFFER AND NOT 4 SALE PLACED TO DEMONSTRATE OTHER WWII TIMER LEG STYLES
THOUGH THIS IS ONLY THE SECOND A-8 TIMER
LEG TIE DOWN STRAP
WE EVER HAD, ABOVE IS ANOTHER TIMER WE RESTORED
WITH A SI9MILAR STRAP, THOUGH THIS ONE IS A LEATHER TIE DOWN
[ BRITISH PATTERN/MILITARY ID ]
THIS LEG STRAP IS HIGHLY UNUSUAL, THE OUTER CASE STOP WITH REVERSE LUG CAN BE PLACED ON
ANY A-9 JITTERBUG TIMER. IT ACTUALLY WAS MADE TO SLIDE OVER JUST ABOUT ANY SIZE LEG OR
EVEN THE LAYERS OF CLOTHING UTILIZED BY PILOTS NAVIGATORS AND BOMBARDIERS WHO FLEW LONG
MISSIONS AT HIGH ALTITUDES. THE LEATHER MATCHES THE STAYS AND IS STILL
TIGHT. ONE CAN LIFT THE A-8 JITTERBUG AT AN ANGLE..
Let us be judged by our acts.
AN ORIGINAL BRITISH LEATHER FOB WITH BRITISH
Spectemur Agendo BUTTON AND A UNIQUE ROUND BUTTON RIVET WAS ADDED AS IT WAS UTILIZED
ON A BRITISH POCKET OR TIMER IN WWII.
1ST DRAGOONS WATERLOO
The United Kingdom first adopted the
Spectemur Agendo motto for the:
Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) Regiment of
the British Army.
The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) were formed in 1661 as a British Army Mounted Infantry
RAF Benson [WWII]
148 (Barnsley) Squadron WWII
CONDITION IS FINE. WORKS AS IT SHOULD. NOTE
THE SIGNED Spectemur Agendo BUTTON. IT FITS THROUGH THE HEAVY CANVAS STRAP AND A CLIP
HOLDS IT IN. VERY PROFESSIONAL AND SOLID.
SEE THEIR WAS THIS AGED US BADGE ON
ROCK ADDED THE BRITISH BUTTON HE REMOVED
FROM THE BRITISH FOB.
THIS JITTERBUG AND BOTH THE U.S. AND JUST HAD TO BE PAIRED WITH THIS JITTERBUG.
PLENTY OF ROOM. ONE CAN WALK WITH IT TIED
I WILL SELECT 7 TO 10 PICS FOR THIS BOX. THE
PICTURES ARE FROM NEGATIVE GIVEN TO DENICE AND
I WHOM ALLEGED TO HAVE HAD HER FATHER AND FATHER IN LAW SERVE AS NAVY PHOTOGRAPHERS
DURING WWII AND HER HIUSBAND SERVE BORTH IN KOREA AND IN VIETNAM AS A PHOTOGRAPHER.
WHEN HER HUBAND PASSED IN 2011, SHE LIOCKED HER GHOME DOWN. A YEAR PASSED BEFORE
SHE RETURNED. SHE STOPPED IAT OUR STUDIO AND REQUEST THAT WE PERFORM AN APPRAISAL OF SOME
WWII ITEMS AT HER HOME NEEDLEESS TO SAY, PACKED IN BOXES. PLASTIC BINBS, SUITCASES, CUSTOM
GLASS CASES ...
EVERYTHING FROM GUNS TO A COMPLETE COLLECTION OF WWII CAMERA, INCLUDING THE GIANT BOX TYPE
ONE CAN VIEW IN SCENES OF BOAT PLANES WITH 2 TO 5 NAVY MILITARY POTOGRAPHERS HANGING FOR
DEAR LIFE HOLDING THESE GIANT BOX CAMERAS...... SHOIOTING THE BATTLES, THE INTELLIGENCE
PICS/.....OVER THE CORAL SEA BATTLES, MIDWAY , OKINAWA, THE PHILIPPINES OVER ENEMY SHIPS
AS THEY BLASTED AWAY OR LAUNCHED PLANES .....
IT WAS HER FATHER AND FATHER IN LAW WHOM
DARED THOSE WHOM DARED TO DARE AN' THEN DARED SOME MORE.
THOUGH SITTING AMONST A 50X 75 FOOT TWO
STORY HOUSE PLUMB BURRIED IN MILITARY ARTIFACTS I WAS SORT OF GREEDY.. I WANTED TO MAKE
SOME QUICK CASH ,,,,BUT I INFORMED HER OF THE FACT SHE REQIRED MORE THAN WHAT SHE HAD,
ME.... LOL IT SIMPLY REQUIRED A TEAM...
IT WAS LITERALY A FEW, FEW MILLION
DOLLARS AT THE LEAST. AND THAT WAS WITH OUT OPENING ALL THE BOXES ... JUST THE
CAMERACOLLECTION [ HAD TO BE 50 OF THEM] WAS IN MEAN MINT WORKING CONDITION 500.000?
THUS WE SHOWED HER JUST WHAT ONE ROOM WOULD
GET ON EBAY. I INFORMED HER I COULD MOVE PRODUCT, NUT THIS REQUIRED LARGE BULK BUYS OR IT
WOULD TAKE 5 YEARS... JUST CATALOGING WAS LIKE...I
WELL, A WEEK LATER, SHE BROUGH ME SOME
JAPANESE SWORDS AND ABOUT 3000.00 IN GOODSBY. I VCOULD NOT OFFER HER 5 CENTS....SHE KEPT
DROPPING THINGS OFF FOR NEAR 6 MONTHS.
ONE OF THE ITEMS WAS A BOX WITH 1000
PHOTOGRAPHS AND 5000 NEGATIVES TO GO WITH THEM.; OLD NEGATIVES. I HAD WALMART RUN
ANOTHER 1000 OF THEM MARKED "PACIFIC".
IT WAS SOON CLEAR SOME WERE THOSE I HAD SEEN
ON WIKIPEDIA AS OPEN SOURCE US MILITARY.
BUT, THEMN I NOTED OVER 600 WERE ARMY MARINE
AND NAVY PACIFIC AND OTHER THEARTER IMAGES GENUINE TO THIS HISTORY. THROUGH OUT THE
PACIFIC PICS THAT WERE, ESPECIALLY THE TARAWA PICS. WITH WRITINGS SUPER
IMPOSED WITH INK WRININGS ON THE PICS OR ON TAPE THAT WAS APPLIED LIKE: "THERE
IS DAD" OR " THERE IS MARTY DADS FRIEND" OR "IS THIS
MIKE?". OR THEY WERE IN THE ALBUMS THAT SHE DROPPED OFF ON THE LAST TIME SHE
SO, THAT WAS ENOUG TO WET THE BEAK. THUS I
WILL BE SURE TO INCLUDE SOME GREAT PICS
THE MARCH TO THE HOME ISLANDS
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
Since the December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor
attack, the Japanese had successfully gained control of most of the central Pacific
strategic islands and had two years to reinforce these critical strategic
"zones"; including the Tarawa Atoll. They also built operational airfields or
took them over, with command of air fields, the Japanese believed they could maintain
control of air and sea surrounding some of the most strategic Islands in the Pacific;
thereby holding the Americans at bay long enough to secure materials, oil and other
commodities necessary to sustaining the war.
In the USA, after the *6 month Guadalcanal victory. the Joint Chiefs of Staff assigned the
code name GALVANIC to a campaign to capture Tarawa, Makin, and Apamama in the Gilberts.
The 2d Marine Division was assigned Tarawa and Apamama (a company-sized operation); the
Army's 165th Regimental Combat Team of the 27th Infantry Division would take Makin.
Thus the Battle of Tarawa was for the Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands in the Pacific
Theater during World War II. It would be the first American offensive in the critical
central Pacific region. Operation Galvanic would consume more than 1,000 U.S. troops
killed and 2,000 wounded in it's 72 hours of life.
Collectively, 6,400 Japanese, Koreans, and Americans would die in the fighting.
*The Guadalcanal Campaign, also known as the Battle of Guadalcanal and code named
Operation Watchtower by Allied forces, was a military campaign fought between
7 August 1942 and 9 February 1943
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
us usmc/photographer public domain
Betio, 2,400 miles southwest of Pearl Harbor, is the largest island in the Tarawa Atoll. A
small, flat island with a southern lagoon and shaped like a long, thin triangle, the tiny
island is but two miles long and only 800 yards wide at the widest point and home to the
bulk of the Japanese Defenders.
On this narrow island a long pier was constructed from the north shore from which cargo
ships could unload in the protection of the lagoon. The northern coast of the island faces
into the lagoon, while the southern and western sides face the deep waters of the open
The Japanese military worked intensely for nearly a year to fortify the Tarawa. 1,247 men
of the 111th Pioneers - similar to the U.S. Navy Seabee, another 970 men from a Navy
construction Battalion, and 1200 Korean forced laborers, built a system of bombproof
shelters made of coconut logs braced with angle irons and roofs 6 feet thick and covered
with sand, logs and corrugated iron.
Only heavy-caliber armor-piercing or other delayed-action shells penetrated them.
Compartmented, these shelters allowed the defenders protection from grenades and
explosives hurled through the openings. Add 500 pillboxes, bunkers and other strong points
occupied by some of Japan's most trained and aggressive soldiers, it was in fact a modern
When a diversionary Makin Island raid in August 1942 was completed, the Japanese were made
aware of the vulnerability and strategic significance of the Gilbert Islands. The 6th
okosuka Special Naval Landing Force arrived to further reinforce the island in February
ONLY 17 JAPANESE WOULD SURVIVE
taken by us usmc/photographer public domain
All this was combined at Tarawa by the
fortification through fire power:
a- hundreds of guns, including a "system" of heavy machine guns behind coconut
logs, sand, concrete and armored plate.
b- 14 heavy coastal defense guns; with underground ammunition storage and fire control
c- 25, 37-mm and 75-mm field guns in shelters immune to direct hits from all but the
d- Anti-aircraft guns.
Now, remember, though this island was small, it was a literal bee hive of defensive
firepower. Various even smaller surrounding the battle site made attacking such a small,
tight well defended target seem impossible. It was the first time in the war that the
United States faced serious Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing. The 4,500
Japanese defenders were well supplied, prepared, and they fought almost to the last man.
Army LtGen.Robert Richardson would be quoted
"Tarawa was the most heavily defended atoll that would ever be invaded by Allied
forces in the Pacific."
Command for the plans for defense was Rear Admiral Tomanari Sichero, an experienced
engineer who directed further construction of the sophisticated defensive structures on
The 6th Yokosuka became a garrison force, and the unit's identification was changed to the
3rd Special Base Defense Force. The primary goal in the Japanese defensive scheme was to
stop the attackers in the water or pin them on the beaches. His ace players, the highly
trained, tenacious, fighting spirited Special Naval Landing Forces (U,S.Marines would be
surprised at the ferocity of the defenders on Betio).
INVASION PERSONAL FORCES:
To insure the opportunity for victory the American military would assemble the largest
force for a single action to that date. Consisting of 17 aircraft carriers (6 CVs, 5 CVLs,
and 6 CVEs), 12 battleships, 8 heavy cruisers, 4 light cruisers, 66 destroyers, and 36
transport ships. On board the transports was the 2nd Marine Division and a part of the
Army's 27th Infantry Division, for a total of about 35,000 troops.
The 5th Amphibious Corps under Marine Major General Holland M. "Howlin' Mad"
Smith was chosen as Commander of the main landing forces.
The 2nd Marine Division under Major General Julian C. Smith would carry out the landing on
Tarawa Atoll, specifically Betio Island, which was selected as the main target because it
contained the airfield and the bulk of the Japanese defenses.
The 2nd Marine Division .
Prior to Tarawa, the 2nd Marine Division were recuperating from their 6 month campaign on
Guadalcanal, They had been withdrawn to New Zealand for rest and recuperation while their
losses were replaced. The main reason was that the men were given a chance to recover from
the malaria and other illnesses that weakened them through the fighting in the Solomon's.
Army's 27th Infantry Division
Then came part of the U,S. Army's 27th Infantry Division under Major General Ralph C.
Smith who would take Makin Atoll, 100 miles north of Tarawa on a line to the Marshals.
and a part of the Army's 27th Infantry Division, for a total of about 35,000 troops.
[CONFUSION? THREE COMMANDERS ALL NAMED SMITH]
SEA WALL OF BODIES
taken by us usmc/photographer public domain
The plan: Land Marines on the North Beaches
The air strip, running roughly east-west, divided the island into north and south.
Divide beaches into three sections:
far west of the island: Red Beach 1
center just west of the pier: Red Beach 2
the east of the pier: Red Beach 3
There was a contingency landing beach called Green Beach on the western shoreline
Green Beach was used for the D+1 landings.
Another two called Black Beaches 1 and 2 made up the southern shore of the island
and were not used.
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
Nov. 20, 1943
As the invasion flotilla began to arrive in
the predawn hours of Nov. 20, 1943, the island's four 8 inch guns opened fire. A duel of
heavy guns began from the response of the battleships Colorado and Maryland commencing
Accurate counter-battery fire delivered 16 inch shells that found their mark, some
penetrating the ammunition storage for one of the guns. The huge explosion as the ordnance
went up in a massive fireball killed maimed and wounded. Soon 3 of the four guns were
knocked out of action.leaving the approach to the lagoon open.
Mean while, because the Japanese communication lines had been laid shallow, they were
quickly destroyed in the naval bombardment effectively preventing Commander Keiji
Shibazaki any direct control of his troops. To counter this mishap in the mid-afternoon he
and his staff decided to abandon the central concrete command post post west of the
airfield, and move to the south side of the island in attempt to gain communications. As
he was making his move in the open, a 5" naval artillery shell exploded in his midst.
Commander Keiji Shibazaki and most of his headquarters personnel and staff were killed.
An air attack followed and then a huge naval bombardment was sustained for the next three
Mine sweepers escorted by destroyers providing cover fire entered the lagoon and cleared
the shallows of mines.
A guide light from one of the sweepers began guiding the landing craft into the lagoon.
The Marines landed on Betio's northwest shore and started their attack from the lagoon. By
noon the Marines had successfully taken the beach to the first line of Japanese defenses.
Though there were some break-throughs, the force was still at the first line of defenses.
Tanks began to offload and appear on the beaches and by nightfall the line was a short
distance from the main runway about half-way across the island.
Marines held a thin line and knew as they battled that the next day the forces on Red
Beach 2 and 3 would push inward and attempt to divide the Japanese defenders into two
sections, while expanding the bulge near the airfield until it reached the southern shore.
Those forces on Red 1 were directed to secure Green beach for the landing of
reinforcements. Green beach made up the entire western end of the island.
On Nov. 21
The 1st Battalion, 8th Marines, fight their way in to reinforce the beachhead. 6,500
Marines had been landed at Betio by the end of the first day with 1500 killed or wounded.
While this is occurring, US Navy Intelligence ***intercepts the Japanese defenders of
Betio sending a final, desperate message that included the facts that "their weapons
had been destroyed, and they were attempting "a final charge".
[**the us had cracked the Japanese code long before and pretty much knew every major
Japanese move before it occurred. the battles of Midway Coral Sea and the Solomon's all
benefited with advantage knowledge]
A Japanese submarine sinks the Liscome Bay, One of the 17 supporting aircraft carriers,
She went down with 687 of her personal more than 30% of the total loss of life on the
American side attributed to the Battle of Tarawa.
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
IMAGINE 20,000 MEN DUELING ON THIS SPEC OF
On Nov 22
Thus, on the night of the 22, when the Japanese began a bonsai effort with no holds
barred, screaming "death rather than surrender", the men defending their
landings were ready...
Though small units were sent to infiltrate the U.S. lines in preparation for a full-scale
assault. The assembling forces were broken up by concentrated artillery fire, and the
assault never took place.
Another attempt was made at 23:00 and met with some success. App 300 Japanese troops
launched a banzai charge into the lines of A and B Companies. Receiving support from
1/10's 75mm pack howitzers and the destroyers USS Schroeder and USS Sigsbee
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
, the Marines were able to beat back the
attack but only after calling artillery to within 75 meters of their lines.
US forces would beat the charges back and moved steadily forward as he Japanese-held
portion of Betio diminished radically.
On the morning dawn of November 23, 3rd Battalion 6th Marines was storming the eastern end
of the island when dawn's early light revealed heaps of tangled mounds, remnants of of the
previous nights Bonzai attacks to the exhausted Marines and GI's.
All but 17 Japanese soldiers defending Betio had survived.
Seventy-six hours after the invasion began, Betio was finally declared secure.
For the next several days the 2nd Battalion 6th Marines cleared the area of any hiding
On November 28. The 2nd Marine Division started shipping out soon after and were
completely withdrawn by early 1944.
OVER 6000 DIED ON THIS ATOLL IN THREE DAYS
taken by us usmc photographer public domain
Of 3,636 Japanese in the garrison, one
officer and sixteen enlisted men surrendered.
Of the 1,200 Korean laborers brought to Tarawa to construct defenses, 129 survived.
4,690 island's defenders were killed.
2nd Marine Division killed in action 894
48 officers / 846 enlisted
Survived died of Major Wounds 84
8 officers / 76 enlisted men
wounded survived 2,188
102 officers / 2,086 enlisted
12,000 2nd Marine Division Marines Tarawa
3,166 officers and men became casualty
Heavy casualties spark public protest. Headline reports of the high losses could not be
understood for such a small and seemingly unimportant island.
Public reaction further aggravated by the unguardedly frank comments of General H.M. Smith
General Holland M. Smith, commander of the V Amphibious Corps, touring the beaches after
"likened the losses to Pickett's Charge at Gettysburg"
IF YOU WANT THE SHORT
Tarawa is an atoll located about 2,400 miles southwest of
Pearl Harbor in the central Pacific Ocean. Tarawa was the previous capital of the former
British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The Battle of Tarawa, code named
Operation Galvanic, was largely fought from November 20 to November 23, 1943 and was the
first American offensive in the critical central Pacific region. The Japanese worked
intensely for nearly a year to fortify the island. and nearly 6.000
Japanese and Americans losses were suffered within the space of 76 hours.
The Battle of Tarawa, fought from November
20 to November 23, 1943, was code named Operation Galvanic and was the first critical
central Pacific offensive battles of World War II were the United States faced serious
Japanese opposition to an amphibious landing. 4,500 well-supplied and prepared Japanese
defenders would fiught almost to the last man exacting a heavy toll on the United States
2nd Marine Division. Within the space of 76 hours, nearly 6,000 Japanese and Americans
would die on this tiny island..
In the aftermath of the battle, American
casualties lined the beach and floated in the surf. Marine cameramen were present to
obtain footage that would later be used in the documentary "With the Marines at
Tarawa". The footage contained so many gruesome disturbing scenes of the
American dead that the decision to release it to the public was deferred to the President
The lessons learned at Tarawa would be
applied to all subsequent amphibious assaults as the United States worked its way across
the Central Pacific. Following the battle the 2nd Marine Division was shipped to Hawaii,
leaving the 2nd Battalion, 6th Marine Regiment behind to clear the battlefield of
ordnance, provide security for the Seabees rebuilding the airstrip and aid in the burial
detail. The 2nd Marine Division would remain in Hawaii for six months, refitting and
training, until called upon for its next major amphibious landing, the Battle of Saipan in
the Marianas in June 1944.
Of the 4,707 island defenders, only one
officer and sixteen enlisted men surrendered. Only 129 of the 1,200 Korean laborers
brought to Tarawa by the Japanese to construct the defenses survived.. The 2nd Marine
Division suffered 894 killed in action; this included 48 officers. 84 wounded survivors
also succumbed to their wounds, including 8 officers. 2,188 men (including 102 officers)
were wounded in the battle. Of the 12,000 2nd Marine Division marines on Tarawa, 3,166
became casualties in the first 76 hours.