CHRONOGRAPH A RETOUR GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES

    GEISMAR JAPANESE WWII WATCHES   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY   KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA JULY 24 2003 WWII-IMPERIAL-JAPAN-SEIKOSHA-SEIKO-LUME-DIAL-MILITARY-WATCH JULY 24[…]

EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA INVESTED BY ALPINA

      GSW goldsmithworks.com contact rock through facebook! Date/Report Number …..120811.LWW Item:  EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA               PURCHASED BY THE ALPINA COMPANY   ALPINA ca. 1915: 182597 WITH MILITARY BLACK DIAL SIGNED EIGENTUM DER FLIEGERTRUPPEN ALPINA WITH 60 MINUTE OUTER TRACK BORDER WHITE ARABIC NUMERALS EVERY 5 MINUTES } WHITE[…]

ROCKS EMBEDDED GALLERIA

From Watches To Jewelry To Wood Works To Shop Work By The Rock & Crew!

11TH-AIR-BORNE-WWII-VIETNAM

THE ANGELS 11TH AIRBORNE DIVISION WWII 11TH PACIFIC THEATER VIETNAM MID-EAST   GO AND VIEW 300 PHOTOS OF THE 11TH IN WWII THE BEST  MILITARY-WATCH-BOX™ ASSEMBLED     REPRESENTING THE VERY AIRBORNE TROOPERS WHOSE ACTIONS PAVED THE ROAD FOR MANY BANDS OF BROTHERS TO EXIST ***************************************************************** THESE AIRBORNE TROOPERS LIKE A BAND OF FOREST GUMPS[…]

AWESOME-WWII-RESTORATIONS

*********************** NEW   WE WILL BE POSTING ANOTHER HALF DOZEN OR SO MORE OF DAVID’S INCREDIBLE COLLECTION SENT FOR RESTORATION   NEW JAN 18TH 2013 THESE WERE SHIPPED END OF DECEMBER ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH TIME PIECE OF THIS INCREDIBLE[…]

APPRAISING

HECK! ENOUGH OF THAT BASIC STUFF I , ROCK, JUST SET UP A HEAP OF GENUINE APPRAISALS! BASIC FACTS ABOUT JEWELRY APPRAISAL & INSURANCE REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL APPRAISAL TO SELL YOUR JEWELRY JEWELRY INSURANCE & CARE INSURANCE COMPANIES REPLACEMENT VALUE APPRAISAL A REPLACEMENT APPRAISAL IS WRITTEN TO COVER THE EXACT AMOUNT THAT YOU PAID FOR[…]

50 best restorations

50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 of rocks best restorations back when 50 best restorations 50 best restorations 50 best restorations Save Save Save Save

40 AWESOME RESTORES

40 AWESOME RESTORES  40 AWESOME RESTORES ANOTHER 40 AWESOME RESTORES   Save Save Save Save Save

ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END

ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END CONCORD    POLJOT CHRONO PILOTG   MEPA  ELMIRA JERMICO           ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END HELBROS OMEGA  MIDO CORUM ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END     LE COULTRE   COUREVO ROLEX CHRONO UNUSUAL TOP END COURVEO JULES JERGENSON   JACKY ICKX     ARNEX    SEIKO   ROLEX CHRONO[…]

WATCHES OPERATING VIDEO

  GOLDSMITHWORKS PO BOX 2301 SUWANEE, GA, USA, 30024 +1.770.831.1257  – 1.800.438.6894 Watch For Sale Need Help ID Value? 35000 WATCH  IMAGES 25000 PAGES ONLINE 24/7 GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS.COM GOLDSMITHWORKS.COM     MILITARYWATCHBOX.COM LSYF.COM TIMEFRAUD.COM          GOLDSMITHTRAINING.COM  1947 – 1949 WHAT MAKES A FINE WATCH FINE [this video tajke you into the most fabulous era of watch making[…]

goldsmithworks and rock restoring seiko dive watch

WHOM DO YOU WANT TO RESTORE YOUR SEIKO WATCHES 1890 T0 1990 ,, Seiko is one of a few rare companies that made everything for their watches. From Cases, Dials, Movements and Tools, TO Oils, Grease, Repair Equipment, Straps, Bands, Bracelets, Crowns, everything was designed, created manufactured in house. SOME PARTS WERE PROBABLY IMPORTED SEIKO[…]

1940 WWII KOREA VIETNAM WYLER FLOATING BEZEL AIRMAN WATCH

  GOLDSMITHWORKS IN BIZ FOR 30 YEARS ONLINE SINCE 1992 WATCH SALES  REPAIRS RESTORATIONS APPRAISALS TAKE A LOOK AT OUR ONLINE PICTURES 45000 PICTURES IN 452 ALBUMS GOOGLE PICTURE SITE ***************************************** WYLER WYLER-101SR-29MM WWII 11TH AIRBORNE DEPLETED RADIUM DIAL MILITARY INCAFLEX JUMP WATCH 29.3 MM W/O CROWN WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH ALL PICTURES[…]

WWII 1941 MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT BUMPER

      *************************************************** RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED 1941 WWII MILITARY DIALED MIDO MULTIFORT SUPERAUTOMATIC WITH 17J MIDO 817 BUMPER AND ALL STAINLESS STEEL CASE WITH STAINLESS STEEL WWII SPRING BAND WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED[…]

WWII HELIOS 24HR SWEEPS

  RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-Luminova ***************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED WWII ERA WITH HACKED SWEEP SECONDS REAPPEARED DURING VIETNAM ERA HELIOS MILITARY DIALED 17J WITH FREE PROFESSIONAL ONLINE APPRAISAL WITH HISTORY AND ASSOCIATED INFORMATION OUTLINED BELOW AND FREE ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY WITH 19.00 US SUBSIDIZED DOUBLE BOXED INSURED WITH SIGNATURE DELIVERY! 26.00[…]

1968 PX BX RR VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH

  GSW  PICASA WATCH GALLERY GSWW WATCHES *************************************************** READY TO WEAR VINTAGE RESTORED & OVERHAULED EXCELLENT  CONDITION 1968 PX/BX-R&R VIETNAM ERA WYLER MILITARY STYLE DIVE WATCH WITH BALLISTIC NYLON OLIVE DRAB G-18 MILITARY STRAP WITH KEEPERS FITS 6 TO 9 *******************************************  YOU ALSO RECEIVE FREE A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY FREE APPRAISAL WITH INFO TO[…]

german wwii military watches

  GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf THE QUESTIONS THAT FACE BOTH BUYER AND SELLER OF VINTAGE WWII GERMAN MILITARY WATCHES IS THEIR AUTHENTICATION. I MUST SAY, IF YOU INVEST IN A WATCH THAT IS BLACK DIALED, HAS OLD DEAD RADIUM ILLUMINATED NUMBERS AND HANDS, A SUB SECONDS REGISTER ABOVE THE 6 POSITION, HAS A STEEL OR CHROME CASE WITH[…]

HISTORIC WEEMS LONGINES BEST

[auction-nudge tool=”listings”] GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO WE- HAVE POSTED OVER 150,000 PERMANENT  IMAGES PLUS HISTORIES OF ALL OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE   WE MAINTAIN 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING OUR PATRONS WITH FREE DETAILED   INFORMATION, HISTORY/CLEAR PICS ON WATCHES RESTORED THE LAST[…]

DOES THE CASE HAVE TO BE CUSHION NO THE PERSHING

BEFORE A FORUM DODO BIRD SWEEPS IN TO “HELP” BY INFORMING US  IT AIN’T SO…. ALLOW ME TO INFORM YOU OF THE HISTORY OF THE 48 STAR AMERICAN SHEILD W/EAGLE AND PORCELAINE DIAL.   AN ELGIN POCKET WATCH -WITH PERSHING DIAL-   AFTER RESTORING OVER 200 PERSHING DIALED WATCHES, WE CONCLUDED THAT, THOUGH ELGIN PRODUCED[…]

WWII NAZI LUFTWAFFE HACKING SWEEP SECONDS ALPINA

THE RAREST WWII GERMAN WATCH A SMALL RUN OF THESE POCKET WATCHES WERE MADE IN GERMANY BY ALPINA   HONORING   HITLER.–\FEW SURVIVED  FEWER STILL ACTUALLR RUN DUE TO PARTS THIS ALPINA WAS/IS NOT SIMPLY A FASHION OR HONOR WATCH THE FACT THIS ALPINA HAS A MILITARY  HACKED SWEEP SECONDS HAND AND THIS RARE MILITARY GRADE[…]

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH

WALTHAM GENUINE TRENCH MILITARY ILLUMINATED 24HR VERSION WITH CRYSTAL GUARD RED 12, RED 24HR CHAPTER ORIGINAL HANDS INCLUDING FITTING  TAILED SUB SECONDS HAND OUTLINED  ILLUMINATED RAILROAD NUMERALS LIKE KITCHENER MILITARY STRAPS ONE TONGUE IS LONGER THE ONE THAT IS TO RIGHT/ABOVE WHEN WEARING ON LEFT ARM, THIS ALLOWED THE SOLDIER TO PLACE OVER CUFF, JACKET[…]

VIETNAM ERA RED CROSS HELIOS CUFF STLE

FACT. GOLDSMITHWORKS HAS BEEN ONLINE TRADING & RESTORING WATCHES SINCE 1992 SINCE JOINING EBAY TEN YEARS AGO, WE HAVE OFFERED OUR VINTAGE TIME EXCLUSIVELY ONLINE WITH EB WE HAVE ALSO POSTED OVER 150,000 IMAGES OF OUR RESTORATIONS PICASA -PHOTO BUCKET -GOOGLE FREE WARRANTY AND APPRAISAL VERIFYING THE AUTHENTICITY OF OUR TIME PIECES 13 WEBSITES PROVIDING[…]

CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE

   CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE     CASA BLANCA BUCHERER FREE FRENCH NURSE THIS PIECE IS READY TO WEAR EVERY DAY TIME PIECE NOTE. CASABLANCA THE MOVIE I RECENTLY WATCHED THE MOVIE AND HIJACKED SOME FRAMES. WOW, PLUM FULL OF FREE FRENCH MATERIAL. IMPORTANT THEME THROUGH OUT THE FILM. IN FACT THE FILM[…]

German_WWII

GERMAN-MILITARY-WATCHES.pdf   GERMAN WWII ARMY SWEEP SECONDS INTELLIGENCE WATCH **************************************** BELOW IS PHOTO OF GENUINE DI-H ABOVE WAS POSTED ONLINE AS IS *************************************** I HAVE HAD ONLY TWO OF THESE IN 20 YEARS THE GERMAN MILITARY PROPERTY MARK”DI SERIAL H” WAS UTILIZED FOR THE ARMY INTELLIGENCE SERVICE MORE GERMAN WWII WATCH HISTORY BELOW ALL WATCHES[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_1

  THE TRUE HISTORY OF MILITARY WATCHES!  I HAVE LONG TAUGHT THAT WATCH COMPANIES NEVER EVER GAVE UP MAKING AND MARKETING MILITARY WATCHES DIRECTLY TO SOLDIERS. FROM THE TROOPERS & OFFICERS IN THE CIVIL WAR  TO THE MARINES ON THE SHORES OF TRIPOLI TO THE MEN WHO FOUGHT THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR FROM THE PHILIPPINES[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_2

  MILITARY WATCHES PART TWO INCLUDES A GREAT DETAILED LISTING!   ALL TIME PIECES RESTORED BY GOLDSMITHWORKS all watches restored by GOLDSMITHWORKS  GOLDSMITHWORKS USED TO INVEST IN 60 TO 70% OF OUR BASE TIME PIECES FOR RESTORATIONS EXCLUSIVELY ON EBAY ASSISTING OTHER VINTAGE WATCH DEALERS ON EBAY KEEPING IT IN THE FAMILY THEN OFFER THEM[…]

military_issue_watch_or_not_4

      FACTS CONCERNING MILITARY VS PRIVATE WWI THROUGH VIETNAM http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_1/ ACTUAL DIRECT WWII WATCHES RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_2/ WWI/WWII JAPAN/GERMAN/SWISS WATCHES  BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_3/ ACTUAL WWII/VIETNAM/SWISS/US/RESTORED BY ROCK/GSW http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/military_issue_watch_or_not_4/   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED DIRECT TO PUBLIC/SOLDIER MILITARY WATCHES NOT ALL OF THESE ARE MILITARY, BUT THE MAJORITY ARE[…]

OnePatronFiftyWWII-Restorations

      OCT 30TH 2014   MARCH 01,2015 CLICK BELOW FOR DAVID’S VINTAGE RESTORED MILITARY WATCHES PDF! ROCK IS NOW RESTORING/SERVICING THIS COLLECTION THE FOLLOWING WATCHES ARE FROM ONE PATRON’S [DAVID] COLLECTION WILL UPDATE AS EACH TIME PIECE OF THIS INCREDIBLE EDUCATION PDF STORED POCKET TRENCH CONVERSIONS VIETNAM US GOV ISSUE WATCHES GERMAN SUBMARINE[…]

WWII MILITARY WATCH RESTORATION COLLECTION

Vintage Time Re Vintage Time Re-Made In America ™ THIS GSW  TRADE MARK IS NOW A NEW INFORMATION AND WATCH SERVICES WEBSITE. CLICK ABOVE FOR TRANSPORTATION. BE SURE YOU BOOK MARK THE SITE GOLDSMITHWORKS GOLDSMITHWATCHWORKS MILITARYWATCHBOX State Licensed Precious Metal, Gemstone & 2nd Hand Dealer Turning Your Old Jewelry Into Something New ™ Vintage Time[…]

Celebrating-82-Airborne-WWI-Vietnam

        ROCK’S CUFF WATCH SYSTEMS DESIGN #902.7 A WIDER SPRING BAR HOLD DOWN STRAP WAS INSTALLED PRIOR TO THE PICTURES BEING TAKEN NOTE PICS AT BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE TIME PIECE HMT MANUEL WIND WATCH BROADARROW W/HEAVY LUME RE-ILLUMINATION HAD TO COVER ORIGINAL LUME OR FULL REMOVAL TO BRASS RESTORATION OF THE[…]

1936 JAPAN MILITARY SEIKOSHA TAVERNS

JAPANESE IMPERIAL WWII WATCHES   HATTORI SEIKOSHA NAVAL POCKET/DECK WATCH 1936 JAPAN MILITARY SEIKOSHA TAVERNS *************************************************** GSW JEWELRY   *************************************************** READY TO WEAR ORIGINAL CONDITION 1936-1943 IMPERIAL JAPAN SEIKOSHA IMPERIAL MILITARY NAVAL DECK WATCH 44 MM ACROSS 66 MM BOTTOM TO TOP BALE *******************************************  YOU ALSO RECEIVE FREE A ONE YEAR GSW LIMITED WARRANTY FREE APPRAISAL[…]

HATTORI SEIKOSHA SEIKO HISTORY PICS

  74 **************************************************** AT BOTTOM IS A LINK TO THE FULL SEIKO CREATED PDF NOTE SOME ITEMS ARE OFF, NOT LISTED OR AGE IS OFF. SUCH AS THE 1950 TANK STYLE IT WAS MADE 1920’S TO 1945 FOR ACTUAL GREAT PICS BY GSW PLACE THIS IN GOOGLE   CLICK HERE or CLICK HERE   ABOVE[…]

BUMPER-ROTOR-MICRO-ROTOR-AUTOMATIC-WATCHES

BUMPER-ROTOR-MICRO-ROTOR-AUTOMATIC-WATCHES   MilitaryWatchBox.COM  GoldSmithWorks.COM    GoldSmithWatchWorks.COM ************************************************************* An automatic or self-winding watch is a mechanical watch that winds the mainspring with a pendulam/rotor/weight through the natural wrist motion of the wearer’s arm. There are three designes that evolved, the 180 BUMPER, the 360 ROTOR, and the MICRO-ROTOR. All self winding watches have a PENDULUM –[…]

JIM HILL WAKMANN SPLIT SEC

 JIM HILL WAKMANN SPLIT SEC  READY TO WEAR FULLY OVERHAULED & SERVICED EXCELLENT CONDITION JIM HILL WAKMANN 17 JEWEL HORSEMEN’S LEMANIA RATTRAPANTE CHRONOGRAPH LWO 1900 19N20 WITH ENAMELED JOCKEY RIDING RACE HORSE WITH WATCH BOX AWESOME HAMMERED AND CHASED BRASS AND COPPER COVERED GLASS DISPLAY STORAGE BOX THE WAKMANN LEMANIA RATTRAPANTE THIS SPECIAL WAKMANN LEMANIA[…]

VIETNAM 1965 THE AIRMAN

<207-2013 WE HAD ONLY 3 NEGATIVE & 2 NEUTRAL FEED BACKS IN 10 YEARS WITH 2500 TRANSACTIONS!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! AND NO NEGATIVE/NEUTRAL FOR THE 8000 PRIVATE TRANSACTIONS < CHECK THE FEED BACK!!!! TELL ME WHAT STORE EVER HAD THAT TYPE OF RECORD SELLING USED WATCHES OR USED CARS OR ANYTHING USED, OLD AND MECHANICAL–REGARDLESS OF IT’S RESTORATIONS[…]

BABE RUTH

RARE 1947 [ONE YEAR BEFORE BABE RUTH PASSED AWAY] LIMITED PRODUCTION BABE RUTH WRIST WATCH HIGHLY DETAILED HAND PAINTED *RADIUM DIAL *RE-ILLUMINATED WITH AF-LUMINOVA HIGH-PERFORMANCE PHOSPHORESCENT PIGMENT CASED IN AN EXCELLENT CONDITION RARE NUMBERED PROFESSIONALLY RE-PLATED CHROME OVER BASE REVERSE SPRING BAR TOP LINE CASE W/SCREW DOWN SS CASE BACK WITH MINT CONDITION GENERAL WATCH[…]

LANCET TRENCH AND OTHERS

*************************************************** READY TO WEAR SERVICED RESTORED OVERHAULED 1914/15 LONDON IMPORT MILITARY TRENCH WATCH .925 SILVER HALLMARK LONDON – IMPORT – DATE COMPOSITION WITH THREE FINGER BRIDGE 15 JEWEL MANUAL WIND MOVEMENT CASE IS 34.4 MM ACROSS W/OUT CROWN 47.9 MM LUG TO LUG   ****************************************** GSW/MWB HAS RESTORED 85 TRENCH WATCHES IN THE LAST THREE[…]

CUERVO Y SOBRINOS CUBA

CUERVO Y SOBRINOS Save

JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN

  JAPANESE GERMAN BRITISH MILITARY HEAVEN   ROCK’S PARADISE   VINTAGE & MILITARY WATCHES & FINE JEWELRY KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA JULY 24 2003 WWII-IMPERIAL-JAPAN-SEIKOSHA-SEIKO-LUME-DIAL-MILITARY-WATCH JULY 24 2003[…]

history japanese wwii military watches

  A HISTORY OF THE JAPANESE MILITARY WATCH history japanese wwii military watches Imperial Japan 1930 – 1945 watches restored by GOLDSMITHWORKS Imperial Army Imperial Seal Seal & Flag Imperial Flag While Japan provided SEIKOSHA made, SWISS made & Hybrid [Japan Case/Dial, w/Swiss and Japanese Movement] watches, timers, ships watches and chronographs in limited numbers[…]

1937 JAPANESE IMPERIAL ARMY MWB

1937 JAPANESE IMPERIAL ARMY MWB THOUGH GSW/MWB OPERATES AN AWESOME  BRICK AND MORTAR STUDIO & GALLERY & 5 WEBSITES ON A DEDICATED SERVER WITH OVER 30,000 PICTURES OF RESTORATIONS, AND HAVE OFFERED OUR SERVICES SINCE 1989 [JOINED THE INTERNET 1992], EBAY HAS BECOME OUR EXCLUSIVE MARKETING ENTITY FOR OUR OPERATION. WE NOT ONLY SELL EXCLUSIVELY[…]

WWII JAPANESE SEIKOSHA CHRONOGRAPH

WWII JAPANESE SEIKOSHA CHRONOGRAPH     *************************************************** KM & PANZER PARA JAPANESE WWII NAVY SEIKOSHA SUB TIMER RCAF WWII TRENCH TRENCH WYLER GERMAN WWII WWII HELBROS 24HR JAPANESE WWII CHRONO SEIKOSHA CHRONO WWII NAVY SUB TIMER WWII SEIKOSHA ABOVE RED MEANS THEY ARE GONE ABOVE ARE SOME OF THE WATCHES FROM A VERY IMPORTANT ESTATE[…]

MOST VALUABLE SEIKO 6105 DIVE WATCH

THE MOST VALUABLE SEIKO 6105 DIVE WATCH IS THE 6105_*B-8000 WITH “PROOF” ON DIAL AND 6105B DAINISEIKOSHA CO LTD SEVENTEEN 17 JEWELS UNADJUSTED JAPAN ON ROTOR ASSEMBLY * DENOTES THE MODEL WITH HACKING ABILITY index.html NOTE THE “PROOF” JAPAN 6105 -8000 T ON DIAL 6105B DAINISEIKOSHA CO LTD SEVENTEEN 17 JEWELS UNADJUSTED JAPAN ROTOR WEIGHT[…]

4 SALE KANJI DIALED WWII JAPAN MIL TIMER

        >BELOW ARE THREE OF A DOZEN OR SO WATCHES FROM A VERY IMPORTANT WWII ESTATE COLLECTION THAT ROCK HAS BEEN FULLY RESTORING OR FULLY OVERHAULING. THESE WATCHES WILL BE OFFERED AS THEY ARE COMPLETED. *********************************** READY TO WEAR RESTORED & OVERHAULED ALL FEATURES WORKING VINTAGE WWII 1936-1945 KANJI DIAL SIGNED 3[…]

ORANGE TWIST ESPERANTO MULTI FUNCTION DIVER

      WELCOME TO GOLDSMITHWORKS EBAY STOREFRONT. GOLDSMITHWORKS AND MILITARY WATCH BOX, WITH A BEAUTIFUL STUDIO AND GALLERY LOCATED IN SUWANEE GA ARE STATE LICENSED PRECIOUS METAL DEALERS, JEWELERS, GOLDSMITH AND WATCHMAKERS, AND ARE IN$URED THROUGH JEWELERS MUTUAL. WE ARE A MEMBER OF JEWELERS OF AMERICA, THE SOCIETY OF NORTH AMERICAN GOLDSMITHS,POLYGON, THE DIAMOND[…]

THE 82ND AIRBORNE CELEBRATED BIRTH IN WWI FRANCE

ROCK’S CUFF WATCH SYSTEMS DESIGN #902.7 300.00 WITH WARRANTY http://goldsmithtraining.com/WWI-FRANCE/    **************************************** *************************************************** THIS PRE-INTRO ESSAY CONCERNS THE INDIAN JAWAN PARA SHOCK MILITARY WATCHES WITH BROAD ARROW Jawan is a word in Hindi for SOLDIER. Jawan was registered as a trade mark by the ENGLISH ” West End Watch Co” founded by MM. Amstutz and[…]

MILITARY SPEC DTU-2A-P-MIL-W-3818B

TIMEFRAUD.COM IS IT COUNTERFEIT OR NOT HELP STOP INTERNET WATCH FRAUD TIMEFRAUD.COM                         USA MILITARY WATCH SPECIFICATIONS http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-W-46374F-1.pdf http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A-B.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1991-MIL-W-46374F.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-W-46374F-1.pdf http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/MIL-PRF-46374G.html http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/files/1962-MIL-W-3818A-B.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/1962-MIL-W-3818A.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/1991-MIL-W-46374F.htm http://goldsmithwatchworks.com/our-pdf/military_timepiece_markings.htm PROOF US GOV DESIGNED THE MOISTURE CIRCLE ALSO MANY OTHER FEATURES INCLUDING MIL SPEC ONE [1] FOR[…]

1950 1990 HATTORI SEIKOSHA SEIKO DIVERS

WHOM DO YOU WANT TO RESTORE YOUR SEIKO WATCHES 1899 T0 1990 ,, Seiko is one of a few rare companies that made everything for their watches. From Cases, Dials, Movements and Tools, TO Oils, Grease, Repair Equipment, Straps, Bands, Bracelets, Crowns, everything was designed, created manufactured in house. SOME PARTS WERE PROBABLY IMPORTED SEIKO[…]

WWI 1914-1918 H Williamson ltd

  Welcome to GoldSmithWorks Fine Jewelry and Watch Ebay Store. GoldSmithWorks offers custom designed, one of a kind, life time creations and unique jewelry watches gemstones diamonds and repairs. GoldSmithWorks -turning your old jewelry into something new. Shipping Sales Repairs 800.438.6894 Ask For Rock       1st World War British Military Watch, General Services[…]

KOREAN WAR

 

 

 

 

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AMERICAN KOREAN WAR

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The Korean War (25 June 1950 – armistice signed 27 July 1953 [28]) was a conventional war between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People’s Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the physical division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.

The Korean peninsula was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel, with United States troops occupying the southern part and Soviet troops occupying the northern part.[29]

The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides, and the North established a Communist government. The 38th Parallel increasingly became a political border between the two Koreas. Although reunification negotiations continued in the months preceding the war, tension intensified. Cross-border skirmishes and raids at the 38th Parallel persisted. The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950.[30] It was the first significant armed conflict of the Cold War.[31]

The United Nations, particularly the United States, came to the aid of South Korea in repelling the invasion, but within two months the defenders were pushed back to the Pusan perimeter, a small area in the south of the country, before the North Koreans were stopped. A rapid UN counter-offensive then drove the North Koreans past the 38th Parallel and almost to the Yalu River, and the People’s Republic of China (PRC) entered the war on the side of the North.[30] The Chinese launched a counter-offensive that pushed the United Nations forces back across the 38th Parallel. The Soviet Union materially aided the North Korean and Chinese armies. In 1953, the war ceased with an armistice that restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) wide buffer zone between the two Koreas. Minor outbreaks of fighting continue to the present day.

With both North and South Korea sponsored by external powers, the Korean War was a proxy war. From a military science perspective, it combined strategies and tactics of World War I and World War II: it began with a mobile campaign of swift infantry attacks followed by air bombing raids, but became a static trench war by July 1951.

In the United States, the war was initially described by President Harry S. Truman as a “police action” as it was conducted under the auspices of the United Nations.[32] Colloquially, it has been referred to in the United States as The Forgotten War or The Unknown War. The issues concerned were much less clear than in previous and subsequent conflicts, such as World War II and the Vietnam War.[33][34] To a significant degree, the war has been “historically overshadowed by World War II and Vietnam”.[35]

In South Korea the war is usually referred to as “625” or the 6–2–5 War (yug-i-o jeonjaeng), reflecting the date of its commencement on 25 June.[citation needed] In North Korea the war is officially referred to as the Fatherland Liberation War (Choguk haebang chonjaeng). Alternatively, it is called the Choson chonjaeng (“Choson war”, Choson being what North Koreans call Korea).[36] In the People’s Republic of China the war is called the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea (traditional Chinese: ??????; simplified Chinese: ??????; pinyin: Kàngmeiyuáncháo zhànzheng).[37][38] The “Korean War” (????/????; pinyin: Cháoxian zhànzheng) is more commonly used today. Chao Xian is a general term for Korea.
Japanese rule (1910–1945)
Main article: Korea under Japanese rule

Upon defeating the Qing Dynasty in the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–96), the Empire of Japan occupied the Korean Empire – a peninsula strategic to its sphere of influence.[39] A decade later, defeating Imperial Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), Japan made Korea its protectorate with the Eulsa Treaty in 1905, then annexed it with the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty in 1910.[40][41]

Korean nationalists and the intelligentsia fled the country, and some founded the Provisional Korean Government in 1919, which was headed by Syngman Rhee in Shanghai. This government-in-exile was recognized by few countries. From 1919 to 1925 and beyond, Korean communists led and were the primary agents of internal and external warfare against the Japanese.[39]:23[42]

Korea under Japanese rule was considered to be part of the Empire of Japan as an industrialized colony along with Taiwan, and both were part of the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere. In 1937, the colonial Governor–General, General Jiro Minami, commanded the attempted cultural assimilation of Korea’s 23.5 million people by banning the use and study of Korean language, literature, and culture, to be replaced with that of mandatory use and study of their Japanese counterparts. Starting in 1939, the populace was required to use Japanese names under the Soshi-kaimei policy. In 1938, the Colonial Government established labor conscription.[citation needed]

In China, the National Revolutionary Army and the Communist People’s Liberation Army helped organize refugee Korean patriots and independence fighters against the Japanese military, which had also occupied parts of China. The Nationalist-backed Koreans, led by Yi Pom-Sok, fought in the Burma Campaign (December 1941 – August 1945). The Communists, led by Kim Il-sung, fought the Japanese in Korea and Manchuria.[citation needed]

During World War II, the Japanese used Korea’s food, livestock, and metals for their war effort. Japanese forces in Korea increased from 46,000 soldiers in 1941 to 300,000 in 1945. Japanese Korea conscripted 2.6 million forced laborers controlled with a collaborationist Korean police force; some 723,000 people were sent to work in the overseas empire and in metropolitan Japan. By 1942, Korean men were being conscripted into the Imperial Japanese Army. By January 1945, Koreans comprised 32% of Japan’s labor force. In August 1945, when the United States dropped atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, around 25% of those killed were Koreans.[42] At the end of the war, other world powers did not recognize Japanese rule in Korea and Taiwan.

Meanwhile, at the Cairo Conference (November 1943), Nationalist China, the United Kingdom, and the United States decided “in due course Korea shall become free and independent”.[43] Later, the Yalta Conference (February 1945) granted to the Soviet Union European “buffer zones”—satellite states accountable to Moscow—as well as an expected Soviet pre-eminence in China and Manchuria,[44] in return for joining the Allied Pacific War effort against Japan.[44]
Soviet invasion of Manchuria (1945)
Main article: Soviet invasion of Manchuria (1945)

Toward the end of World War II, as per a US-Soviet agreement, the USSR declared war against Japan on 9 August 1945.[42][45] By 10 August, the Red Army occupied the northern part of the Korean peninsula as agreed, and on 26 August halted at the 38th parallel for three weeks to await the arrival of US forces in the south.[39]:25[39]:24

On 10 August 1945, with the 15 August Japanese surrender near, the Americans doubted whether the Soviets would honor their part of the Joint Commission, the US-sponsored Korean occupation agreement. A month earlier, Colonel Dean Rusk and Colonel Charles H. Bonesteel III divided the Korean peninsula at the 38th parallel after hurriedly deciding (in thirty minutes) that the US Korean Zone of Occupation had to have a minimum of two ports.[46][47][48][49][50]

Explaining why the occupation zone demarcation was positioned at the 38th parallel, Rusk observed, “even though it was further north than could be realistically reached by US forces, in the event of Soviet disagreement … we felt it important to include the capital of Korea in the area of responsibility of American troops”, especially when “faced with the scarcity of US forces immediately available, and time and space factors, which would make it difficult to reach very far north, before Soviet troops could enter the area.”[44] The Soviets agreed to the US occupation zone demarcation to improve their negotiating position regarding the occupation zones in Eastern Europe, and because each would accept Japanese surrender where they stood.[39]:25
Chinese Civil War (1945–1949)
Main article: Chinese Civil War

After the end of Second Sino-Japanese War, the Chinese Civil War resumed between the Chinese Communists and the Chinese Nationalists. While the Communists were struggling for supremacy in Manchuria, they were supported by the North Korean government with materiel and manpower.[51] According to Chinese sources, the North Koreans donated 2,000 railway cars worth of material while thousands of Korean “volunteers” served in the Chinese People’s Liberation Army (PLA) during the war.[52] North Korea also provided the Chinese Communists in Manchuria with a safe refuge for non-combatants and communications with the rest of China.[51]

The North Korean contributions to the Chinese Communist victory were not forgotten after the creation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949. As a token of gratitude, between 50,000 to 70,000 Korean veterans that served in the PLA were sent back along with their weapons, and they would later play a significant role in the initial invasion of South Korea.[51] China promised to support the North Koreans in the event of a war against South Korea.[53] The Chinese support created a deep division between the Korean Communists, and Kim Il-Sung’s authority within the Communist party was challenged by the Chinese faction led by Pak Il-yu, who was later purged by Kim.[54]

After the formation of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the Chinese government named the Western nations, led by the United States, as the biggest threat to its national security.[55] Basing this judgment on China’s century of humiliation beginning in the early 19th century,[56] American support for the Nationalists during the Chinese Civil War,[57] and the ideological struggles between revolutionaries and reactionaries,[58] the Chinese leadership believed that China would become a critical battleground in the United States’ crusade against Communism.[59] As a countermeasure and to elevate China’s standing among the worldwide Communist movements, the Chinese leadership adopted a foreign policy that actively promoted Communist revolutions throughout territories on China’s periphery.[60]
Korea divided (1945–1949)
See also: Division of Korea

At the Potsdam Conference (July–August 1945), the Allies unilaterally decided to divide Korea—without consulting the Koreans—in contradiction of the Cairo Conference.[39]:24[47]:24–5[61]:25[62]

On 8 September 1945, Lt. Gen. John R. Hodge of the United States arrived in Incheon to accept the Japanese surrender south of the 38th parallel.[47] Appointed as military governor, General Hodge directly controlled South Korea via the United States Army Military Government in Korea (USAMGIK 1945–48).[63]:63 He established control by restoring to power the key Japanese colonial administrators and their Korean police collaborators.[31] The USAMGIK refused to recognise the provisional government of the short-lived People’s Republic of Korea (PRK) because he suspected it was communist. These policies, voiding popular Korean sovereignty, provoked civil insurrections and guerrilla warfare.[40] On 3 September 1945, Lieutenant General Yoshio Kozuki, Commander, Japanese Seventeenth Area Army, contacted Hodge, telling him that the Soviets were south of the 38th parallel at Kaesong. Hodge trusted the accuracy of the Japanese Army report.[47]

In December 1945, Korea was administered by a US–USSR Joint Commission, as agreed at the Moscow Conference (1945). The Koreans were excluded from the talks. The commission decided the country would become independent after a five-year trusteeship action facilitated by each régime sharing its sponsor’s ideology.[39]:25–6[64] The Korean populace revolted; in the south, some protested, and some rose in arms;[40] to contain them, the USAMGIK banned strikes on 8 December 1945 and outlawed the PRK Revolutionary Government and the PRK People’s Committees on 12 December 1945.

On 23 September 1946 an 8,000-strong railroad worker strike began in Pusan. Civil disorder spread throughout the country in what became known as the Autumn uprising. On 1 October 1946, Korean police killed three students in the Daegu Uprising; protesters counter-attacked, killing 38 policemen. On 3 October, some 10,000 people attacked the Yeongcheon police station, killing three policemen and injuring some 40 more; elsewhere, some 20 landlords and pro-Japanese South Korean officials were killed.[65] The USAMGIK declared martial law.

The right-wing Representative Democratic Council, led by nationalist Syngman Rhee, opposed the Soviet–American trusteeship of Korea, arguing that after 35 years (1910–45) of Japanese colonial rule most Koreans opposed another foreign occupation. The USAMGIK decided to forego the five year trusteeship agreed upon in Moscow, given the 31 March 1948 United Nations election deadline to achieve an anti-communist civil government in the US Korean Zone of Occupation.

On 3 April what began as a demonstration commemorating Korean resistance to Japanese rule ended with the Jeju massacre of as many as 60,000 citizens by South Korean soldiers.[66]

On 10 May, South Korea convoked their first national general elections that the Soviets first opposed, then boycotted, insisting that the US honor the trusteeship agreed to at the Moscow Conference.[39]:26[67][68][69]

North Korea held parliamentary elections three months later on 25 August 1948.[70]

The resultant anti-communist South Korean government promulgated a national political constitution on 17 July 1948, elected a president, the American-educated strongman Syngman Rhee on 20 July 1948. The elections were marred by terrorism and sabotage resulting in 600 deaths.[71] The Republic of Korea (South Korea) was established on 15 August 1948.[72] In the Russian Korean Zone of Occupation, the USSR established a Communist North Korean government[39]:26 led by Kim Il-sung.[73] President Rhee’s régime expelled communists and leftists from southern national politics. Disenfranchised, they headed for the hills, to prepare for guerrilla war against the US-sponsored ROK Government.[73]

As nationalists, both Syngman Rhee and Kim Il-Sung were intent upon reunifying Korea under their own political system.[39]:27 With Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong fighting over the control of the Korean Peninsula,[74] the North Koreans gained support from both the Soviet Union and the People’s Republic of China. They escalated the continual border skirmishes and raids and then prepared to invade. South Korea, with limited matériel, could not match them.[39]:27 During this era, at the beginning of the Cold War, the US government assumed that all communis

Regardless of nationality, were controlled or directly influenced by Moscow; thus the US portrayed the civil war in Korea as a Soviet hegemonic maneuver.[75]

In October 1948, South Korean left-wing soldiers rebelled against the government’s harsh clampdown in April on Jeju island in the Yeosu-Suncheon Rebellion.[76]

The Soviet Union withdrew as agreed from Korea in 1948. U.S. troops withdrew from Korea in 1949, leaving the South Korean army relatively ill-equipped. On 24 December 1949, South Korean forces killed 86 to 88 people in the Mungyeong massacre and blamed the crime on communist marauding bands.[77]

The conflict begins (June 1950)
Territory often changed hands early in the war, until the front stabilized.

In April 1950 Kim Il-sung travelled to Moscow and secured Stalin’s support for a policy to unify Korea under his authority. Although agreeing with the invasion of South Korea in principle, Stalin refused to become directly involved in Kim’s plans, and advised Kim to enlist Chinese support instead. In May 1950 Kim visited Beijing, and succeeded in gaining Mao’s endorsement. At the time, Mao’s support for Kim was largely political (he was contemplating the invasions of Taiwan and Tibet), and was unaware of Kim’s precise intentions or the timing of Kim’s attack. When the Korean war broke out, the Chinese were in the process of demobilizing half of the PLA’s 5.6 million soldiers.[78]

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